بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Will the entire universe come to an end with a single blow of the horn (Soor)?

A simple translation of Surah Al-Qari’ah: Remember that event that will shatter your hearts. What is that event that will shatter your hearts? And what do you know of that event that will shatter your hearts? It is a day when people will be like scattered moths. And the mountains will be like carded wool. As for the person whose scales are heavy (who has done good deeds in his worldly life), he will be in a happy and pleasant life (he will be in paradise). And as for the person whose scales are light (who has followed his desires in the worldly life), his abode will be a deep abyss. And what do you know of that deep abyss? It’s a blazing Fire (in which those who are disobedient and unfaithful to Almighty Allah will be thrown).

In the light of the verses of the Holy Quran and sayings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the entire Muslim community agrees that a day will come when the Soor (horn) blown by Israfeel (AS) will cause an earthquake in the entire universe of such intensity that lactating mothers will forget about their breast-feeding children and pregnant women will have miscarriage. The intensity of people’s loud cries, wailing and the earthquake will keep on increasing causing the death of all the humans and animals to the extent that, in the entire universe, not even a single creature will remain alive, as specifically mentioned by Almighty Allah in Surah Al-Rahman verse number 26 & 27: “Everyone who is on it (the earth) has to perish. And only your Lord’s Countenance will remain, full of majesty, full of honour”. In the Holy Quran, Almighty Allah has repeatedly referred to that Day. The word Yaum-ul-Qiyaamah (The Day of Resurrection) has been mentioned as many as 70 times in the Holy Book. We find reference to this day in other religious books as well. As a matter of fact, even Christians and Jews consider the reference to this Day as truthful. Even if one were to seek recourse to intellect, one realises that this grand system of the world within which we find ourselves must cater to some important objective. Also, there has to be someone extraordinary being behind the flawless functioning of this mysterious and baffling system, a Supreme Being whose powers are beyond our imagination. Moreover, there must be a system of rewards and punishment for the good or bad deeds done by us in this world.

In the Holy Quran, Almighty Allah has explained the extremely horrifying nature of that Day in a variety of ways. Following is a reference to the translation of few verses:

  • “When the sun will be folded up, and when the stars will swoop down, and when the mountains will be set in motion… and when the seas will be flared up… and when the sky will be stripped off, and when the Hell will be set ablaze, and when the Paradise will be brought close, then everyone will know what he (or she) has put forward” (Surah Al-Takweer)
  • “When the sky will be cleft asunder, and when the stars will disperse, and when the seas will be burst forth, and when the graves will be overturned, then every person will know what he sent ahead and what he left behind” (Surah Al-Infitaar, verse nos. 1-5)
  • “When the sky will split apart…and when the earth will be stretched (it will be stretched like a rubber and will be enlarged way more than its existing size so that it could accommodate everyone from the time of the beginning of the world till the Day of Resurrection), and it will throw up whatever it contains, and will become empty…O man, you will work hard constantly (in relation to obedience towards Almighty Allah) to reach your Lord until a point that you meet Him” (Surah Al-Inshiqaaq)
  • “Allah is One who has no partner (There is no god but He). He shall certainly gather you towards the Day of Doom. There is no doubt about it. Who is more truthful in his word than Allah?” (Surah Al-Nisaa, verse no. 87)
  • “Surely the Day of Judgement is an (already) appointed time, a day when the trumpet will be blown, so you will come in multitudes, and the sky will be opened, so it will become as gates, and the mountains will be set in motion, so they will appear to you as mirage. Surely Jahannam (the Hell) lurks in ambush. It is an abode for the rebellious people who will be abiding in it for ages. They will taste nothing cool in it, nor a drink, except boiling water and pus, this being a punishment for them, fully commensurate (with their deeds). They did not expect (to face) accounting (of their deeds), and they fervently rejected Our signs. And everything (from their deeds) is thoroughly being recorded by Us in writing. So now taste! We will add nothing to you but torment” (Surah Al-Naba’, verse nos. 17-30)
  • And We shall gather them on the Day of Judgment, with their faces down in a way that they will be blind, dumb and deaf. Their abode is the Fire. Whenever it will calm down a bit, We will increase its flames all the more for them. That is their punishment because they rejected Our signs and said, “Once we are reduced to bones and dust, is it possible then that we shall be raised, created anew? Have they not seen that Allah Who has created the entire human race, heavens and the earth has every power to create human beings as they were? And He has appointed a time for them in which there is no doubt” (Surah Al-Isra’, verse nos. 97-99).

As specified by Almighty Allah in the Holy Quran, the duration of the Day of Resurrection will be fifty thousand years. However, when exactly will the Day of Resurrection occur is something that none has any clue about except Almighty Allah, as specified by Almighty Allah Himself in the Holy Quran on various occasions. As of now, I am referring to only one verse wherein Almighty Allah says, “These people ask you about the Hour (i.e. the Doomsday)? When is it due to happen? Tell them its knowledge is only with my Lord. No one can unfold it except He at its time. It shall weigh heavy in the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you but suddenly” (Surah Al-A’araaf, verse no. 187). The date and timings in relation to the occurrence of the Day of Resurrection are such a secret that the Creator of the Universe has not even shared it with any of the angels or prophets (AS). When Jibraeel (AS) asked Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) about this, he too was given the response that the one who has been asked about does not know more than the one who has asked the question (Muslim). At one point, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) brought the finger used in Salaat to signal witnessing (index finger) and the middle finger close to each other and said, “Just the way these two fingers are together, I am also sent with the Day of Resurrection exactly the same way” (Muslim). This means that compared to the duration between the beginning of the world and Prophethood of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the time period that separates Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) from the Day of Resurrection is very short.

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has mentioned that ever since he was born, Israfeel (AS) till to date has put his lips on the trumpet (Soor). He is waiting for Almighty Allah’s commandment. As soon as he is ordered, he will blow the trumpet (Musnad Ahmad). Moreover, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Friday is the leader of all the days and the Day of Resurrection will be on Friday” (Ibne Maajah). The trumpet will be blown twice. When it will be blown for the first time, all the creatures present at that time will die, and when it will be blown for the second time everyone will become alive again (Surah Al-Zumur, verse no. 68 and Muslim). The duration between the two blows is only known to Almighty Allah (Muslim). The shape of the trumpet will be similar to some animal’s horn in which air will be blown (Tirmidhi). The sound of the trumpet will be so horrifying that people will die while listening to its sound (Muslim). After the trumpet is blown for the second time, people will rise from their graves and start assembling in Almighty Allah’s court in groups (Surah Al-Naba’). People will rise from their graves as quickly as locusts spread all over in the air. Ayesha (RZA) narrates that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “On the Day of Resurrection people will be gathered barefooted, naked and uncircumcised”. I asked him, “O Messenger of Allah (PBUH)! Won’t men and women look at each other?” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “O Ayesha! That Day will be so severe that it won’t even occur to people to look at each other” (Muslim).

Everyone will gather in the Maidaan-e-Hashr (plain of assemblage on the Day of Resurrection where people will gather to account for their worldly lives), right from the beginning of the world till the Day of Resurrection (Surah Al-Kahf, verse no. 47). This ground where everyone will gather will be in Syria (Musnad Ahmad). Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “On the Day of Resurrection, the sun will be only a mile away from creatures and people will be drowned in their own sweat as per their worldly deeds. Some people will have sweat till their ankles whereas some will have it till their knees. However, for pious and virtuous people, that fifty thousand years long day will feel like a very short span (Tabraani, Sahih Ibne Habbaan). Tired of the scorching heat, sweat and exceptionally long duration, disloyal bondsmen of Almighty Allah will pray to be relieved of the Day even if by being thrown in Hell. The Cistern of Kauthar (Hauz-e-Kauthar) will be in that very ground where Resurrection will take place. On that Cistern, the Ummah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) will drink from it before entering the Paradise. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) will be in the middle of this Cistern. The water of Hauz-e-Kauthar will be more white than milk, colder than ice and sweeter than honey. The soil of the bed of the Cistern will be more sweet-scented than musk. One who drinks from that Cistern will never feel thirsty.

On the Day of Resurrection, temperature will be at its peak and each individual, given how crowded it will be, will barely manage to put his feet on the ground (will somehow manage to stand). However, on such a petrifying day as well there will be seven kinds of people who will be under the shade of Almighty’s Allah’s benevolence and mercy, and on that Day there would not be any shade except one provided by Almighty Allah. First, a just ruler, second, a youth who used his youth in worshipping Almighty Allah, third, that bondsman of Almighty Allah whose heart is attached to the mosque, fourth, that person who loves for the sake of Almighty Allah and develops enmity in the name of Almighty Allah, fifth, a man who is called by a woman of beauty and possession for illegal intercourse but he says, “I fear Almighty Allah”, sixth, the person who gives charity in a hidden manner (ensures that no one sees him giving or doing charity), and seventh, that fortunate person who remembered Almighty Allah in solitude and, due to the fear of Allah, tears rolled down his or her cheek (Bukhari).

It has been mentioned in Hadith books that in Maidan-e-Hashr, tired of staying hungry and thirsty for an extremely long duration, scorching heat, and foul smell of sweat, people will approach prophets (AS) and ask them to request Almighty Allah to begin the proceedings of Hisab (accountability). All the prophets (AS) will refuse to make any request of that kind. In the end, people will approach the chief of all the prophets (AS), the best of all the human beings, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Thus, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) will request Almighty Allah to begin the proceedings. This is what is known as “The Great Intercession” (Shafa’at-e-Kubra). After this, Almighty Allah’s court will be set up. Hands, legs, and other body parts of human beings will, on their own, speak about the person’s actions, as repeatedly mentioned by Almighty Allah in the Holy Quran. In the age of computers, there should be no difficulty whatsoever in understanding about this. In the present age, each and every moment of human life can be safely recorded. Is it difficult for the Creator of the Universe to record the details of lives of all the human beings? So, other than being inquired about the entire worldly life, each and every individual will be required to give answers to five specific questions:

  1. How did the person live his life?
  2. How (in what activities) did he utilise his youth?
  3. With what means did he earn his wealth; whether the means employed by the person in earning his wealth were permissible ones (Halaal) or impermissible (Haraam).
  4. How (for what) did he spend his wealth; with respect to wealth, whether he attended to his obligations towards Almighty Allah and fellow human beings or he did not.
  5. How much did he practice on the knowledge he had?

(Tirmidhi)

By virtue of His exemplary Mercy and Kindness, Almighty Allah will make few of his bondsmen enter the paradise without subjecting them to the whole process of accounting for their worldly lives.

The person who will be given his scroll of deeds in his left hand will say in an extremely disheartened manner, “Ah! I wish I was not handed over my scroll of deeds and I was not informed of the records of my worldly life. I wish my first death that took place in the world was the end of the matter (final and ultimate one) and I would not have been brought to life again, something on which this whole accountability episode is premised. Alas, my wealth has not been of any use to me. My power has gone from me for good. For such a person, the angels will be asked to seize him and put a collar around his neck, and then throw him in the blazing fire. Thereafter, fasten him with a chain the measure of which is seventy hands. This person did not believe in Almighty Allah, the way he was required to. And he did not persuade others to feed the needy, let alone himself feeding the needy. So today, neither does he have any friend nor is there any food for him, except that dirty and unclean water that carries the pus of inhabitants of Hell, the water which will be consumed by none but the sinners” (Surah Al-Haaqqah). Each and every individual will have to cross the bridge that is laid over the Hell (Pul Saraat). It is a path that is thinner than a hair and sharper than the edge of a sword. Some of the believers will cross the bridge as quickly as the wink of an eye. Some will cross as quick as lightening. Few believers will cross as quickly as birds, few at the speed of fast horses, and few will cross at the speed of camels. Some of the believers will cross the bridge without any hassles, few will get wounded while crossing but they will nevertheless cross the bridge. At the same time, there will be many who will stumble and fall into Hellfire. Later, as a result of intercession made by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), believers will be slowly but surely taken out of Hell and, by the Grace of Almighty Allah, would enter Paradise. May Almighty Allah help us all enter Jannatul Firdaus (The Garden of Paradise) without holding us accountable for the doings of our worldly lives. Ameen.

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (http://www.najeebqasmi.com/)