بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Some important points concerning Wuquf at Muzdalifah

The ritual of Wuquf (stay) at Muzdalifah is one of the obligatory acts of Hajj, which if missed will incur a Dam (atonement). Wuquf signifies staying the night that follows the 9th day ofDhu-al-Ḥijjah at Muzdalifah and supplicating therefor some time after having performed the Fajr Ṣalah facing direction of the Qiblah. If a person arrives at Muzdalifah before dawn and catches the Fajr Ṣalah there, it will suffice him and no Dam will be required. But it goes against the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH) to intentionally do so. The women, the sick and the weak pilgrims, however, may depart from Muzadalifah to Mina after midnight; it will incur no Dam upon them.

When departing from Arafat for Mina after sunset on 9thDhu al-Ḥijjah, the pilgrims should keep in mind that Muzdalifah does not start just where Mina ends; there is a distance of about 6-7 km between the borders of the both. To mark the beginning and end of borders of each place, signs of different colours have been erected for the guidance of the pilgrims.  It has been seen over the years that a good number of the pilgrims stay nightlong before the area begins mistaking it to be area for Muzdalifah. A great number of them even spend the night on the road and thus besides causing troubles for the other pilgrims on the way actually miss the ritual. We have also observed that some agents bring the pilgrims under their careto the Mina tents even before midnight while the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) has only allowed the old and the women to leave for Mina and that is too after staying there till midnight. What is more appalling is that even the volunteers and the guides appointed by the management usually are not seen there to guide people while they need them the most. But surprisingly, there are a number of volunteers to enthusiastically help the pilgrims in Mina.

The pilgrims who travel the distance between Arafat and Muzdalifah, the train brings them to the plain of Muzdalifah but due to shortage of time a good many number of people take other vehicles or walk on foot to reach Muzdalifah though it is not an easy journey either way. Those who walk on foot feel exhausted and then finding it difficult to go through the crowd halt long before the area of Muzdalifah begins. Then the milling crowd makes it nearly impossible to pass through. All the pilgrims should, therefore, take care of performing the ritual of Wuquf in the prescribed manner or else Dam will be required of them.

Things to do after reaching Muzdalifah:

(1) Perform Maghrib and ‘Isha’ both the prayers combined in Isha’ time. The method is: first offer the three Rak’ahs of Maghrib Ṣalah along with Adhan and Iqamah, and then immediately stand to offer ‘Isha’, four Rak’ahs if Muqīm or two if Musafir, without offering the Sunnah prayers after Maghrib.  One may perform the Sunnah prayers after having completed the obligatory Isha’ Salah but one should not offer any Sunnah or Nafl prayer in between them. Congregation (Jama’ah) is not required for combing the prayers; whether performing in congregation or praying alone, one should combine them in the stipulated manner in the Isha’ time.

(2) Remember Allah, chant Talbiyah, recite the Qur’an, repent, seek forgiveness and supplicate as much as you can, availing the blessed night. Allah the Exalted said: “But when you depart from 'Arafat, remember Allah at al- Mash'ar al-Haram.” (2:192) Sleep for a while for it is also proven by the Ḥadīth.

(3) Pray the Farḍ and Sunnah Rak’ahs of Fajr Ṣalah at dawn, and then stand facing direction of the Qiblah and pray excessively raising your hands. This is called Waquf at Muzdalifah- an obligatory ritual of Ḥajj.

(4) When leaving for Mina, pick up pebbles the size of big grams but it is, however, not necessary to pick up all the required number of pebbles from Muzdalifah; one may pick them from Mina as well.

Some clarifications:

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (