بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Rights of fellow humans

After a sincere repentance Allah forgives, if he wills, all the major sins resulted in the violation of Allah’s rights, like negligence in offering obligatory Salahs, observing fasts, paying Zakat and performing Hajj.

On the other hand all the scholar unanimously agree in the light of the Qur’anic verses and prophetic traditions that the sins resulted in violating the rights to which a fellow human is entitled like stealing something he owns or hurting him or transgressing against his rights, then the perpetrator of such acts could not be forgiven (by Allah) until and unless he restores his due right or pardoned by him, then seeks repentance from Allah too.

The prophet (PBUH) said, “All the sins of a martyr are forgiven except debt (due to be paid)”.

If someone owes a debt to someone else, it would remain due until it is paid off and any good deed of a high a rank could not recompense for it.

Al-Nawawi, a renowned Hadeeth expert, annotating the text of this Hadith writes that the word debt in this hadith implies all rights owed to other people, martyrdom does not expiate for transgressions against the rights of other people rather they only expiate for transgressions against the rights of Allah.

Therefore, we should not ignore our duty to fulfill the rights of others.

The prophet (PBUH) said “Do you know who is poor? The companions of the Holy Prophet (RA) said a poor man amongst us is one who has neither Dirham with him nor wealth. The Prophet (PBUH) said: the poor of my Ummah would be that person, who will come on the Day of Resurrection with Salahs, fasts and Zakat, but he would find himself bankrupt on that day as he would have exhausted his funds of virtues, since he would have hurled abuses upon others, brought calumny against others and unlawfully consumed the wealth of others and shed the blood of others and beat others and his virtues would be credited to the account of one (who suffered at his hand) and if his good deeds fall short to clear the account, then his sins would be entered in (his account) and he would be thrown into the Hellfire .

May Allah save us from violating the rights of Allah as well the rights of others, Amen!

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (www.najeebqasmi.com)