بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Unmarriageable Persons Detail

(Women to whom marrying is forbidden)

In verses 23 and 24 of Surah Al-Nisaa, Allah Almighty stated the types of women to whom marrying is unlawful (forbidden), they are as under:

Relative Kinship:

Mother                 (Own Mother or stepmother, similarly grandmothers either paternal or maternal)

Daughter              (Similarly granddaughters, either paternal or maternal)

Sister                             (Own sister, mother’s daughter, father’s daughter)

Paternal Aunt      (father’s own sister or stepsister)

Maternal Aunt      (mother’s own sister or stepsister)

Niece                            (brother’s daughter, whether own or step)

Niece                            (sister’s daughter, whether own or step)

Foster Relations:

Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: The foster relations (breastfeeding) are treated like blood relations (in marital affairs). (Bukhari & Muslim). Thus, marrying with foster mother, foster daughter, foster sister, foster paternal aunt, foster maternal aunt, foster niece either from brother or sister, is forbidden and unlawful. But, in the light of the prophet’s (PBUH) interpretation and sayings, the prohibition of marriage will affect in the event, when only she suckled before the weaning period.

Matrimonial Relations:

Wife’s mother (Mother-in-law)

Daughter of the first husband’s wife, but he must have had sexual intercourse with this wife.

Son’s wife (Daughter-in-law), if the son divorces his wife, or dies, then also the father cannot marry to son’s wife.) 

To take two sisters together in marriage. (Similarly, it is prohibited to keep  

Maternal-aunt, her niece, paternal-aunt and her niece together in marriage.)

General Relations:

Wife of another person (due to a clear command of Allah the Almighty, a woman cannot simultaneously take more than one husband).

{Clarification}:

After the death or divorce of wife, a marriage contract can be made with wife’s sister (sister-in-law), her maternal-aunt or niece, her paternal-aunt or niece.

After the death of brother or maternal-uncle or uncle or after their divorce, a marriage contract can be made with the brother’s wife (sister-in-law), maternal-aunt and aunt.

The men from whom, women do not observe veil and hijab and can accompany them while travelling, they are as under, as it is stated in the following verse 31 of Surat-ul Noor and verse 55 Surat-ul Ahzab:

Relative Kinship:

Father                  (similarly grandfather or grandmother)

Son                      (similarly grandson or son of daughter)

Brother                (own brother, mother’s brother, father’s brother)

Uncle                   (father’s brother, whether own or step)

Maternal brother (mother’s brother, whether own or step)

Nephew               (Brother’s son, whether own or step)

Nephew               (Sister’s son, whether own or step)

Foster Relations:

Foster father, foster son, foster brother, foster paternal-uncle, foster maternal-uncle, foster nephew (son of brother) and foster nephew (son of sister).

Matrimonial Relations:

Husband             

Husband’s father or his grandfather.

Son-in-law

                  

{Clarification}:

Being no blood or foster or marital relation, a woman should observe hijab and veil from brother-in-law (sister’s husband), elder or younger brother of husband, maternal uncle or paternal uncle in view point of Shari’ah and also she should not accompany them while travelling. Thus, a man cannot travel along with her sister-in-law (wife’s sister) or brother’s wife.

Women should observe hijab and veil from their cousins such as (uncles’ sons whether paternal or maternal and should not accompany them while travelling, as, a woman can marry with cousins such as (uncles’ sons whether paternal or maternal.

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (www.najeebqasmi.com)