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بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Dua, a strong weapon of Muslim

What is Dua?

Dua literally means to call upon. In Islamic terminology, it means to ask Allah with complete devotion. Human being at the time of difficulty naturally turns towards Allah. The Glorious Qur’an says: “And when man is afflicted by pain, he calls his Lord turning to Him passionately.” (Surah Al Zumar: 8)

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says: “Dua is the kernel ofIbadah.” (Tirmizi) In another Hadeeth he says: “Dua is worship.” (Narrated by Tirmizi)

Why we need Dua?

We all are needy. Allah the Exalted owns everything which is in the earth or heaven. He alone grants the seekers. The Glorious Qur’an says: “Allah is the Need-Free, and you are the needy.” (Surah Muhammad 38) Since we are needy, we are supposed to divulge our need to our Creator Who has the power to satisfy our needs.

Significance of Dua:

Allah the Exalted has not only encouraged us for Dua, but also in Surah FatihaHehas taught us how to make Dua? What are the etiquettes of Dua?

  1. “When My servants ask you about Me, then (tell them that) I am near. I respond to the call of one when he prays to Me; so they should respond to Me, and have faith in Me, so that they may be on the right path.”(Surah Al Baqarah: 186)
  2. “Your Lord says call Me, I will respond to you” (Surah Al Momin: 60)
  3. Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that the Prophet (PBUH) says: “Nothing is more virtuous in front of Allah than Dua” (IbneMajah)
  4. Abdullah bin Umar (RA) narrates that the Prophet (PBUH) says: “Whosoever of you the door of supplication is opened for, the doors of mercy have been opened for him”. (Tirmizi)
  5. “Dua is a weapon of Muslim”. (MusnadAbu Ya’la) Similarity between Dua and weapon is that the weapon protects a man from his enemy. Similarly Dua saves a man from difficulties and disasters.HHH
  6. “Your Lord is Generous. When a slave stretches his handsin front of Him, He feels shy to turn him down” (Abu Dawood)
  7. Sincerity: complete faith in Allah that He alone can fulfill our needs. Allah, the Exalted, says in the Glorious Qur’an: “Ask Allah with complete faith”. (Surah Al Momin 14)
  8. Confidence thatDuawill be answered: while making Dua, it is important that to have confidence in Allah that He has promised for acceptance of dau and He will answer to my call. The Prophet (PBUH) says: “When you ask Allah, you must have complete assurance that Allah will grant you whatever you are asking for”. (Tirmizi)
  9. Mental presence: mental presence is a significant part of Dua. The sign of it is that we must be conscious of what we are asking. The Prophet (PBUH) says: “Allah does not answer to those who are neglectful and ask half-heartedly”. (Tirmizi)
  10. Halal earning: “The Prophet (PBUH) mentioned a man who travelled far, becoming dishevelled, dusty and he raises his hands to the sky, saying, “O Lord! O Lord!” while his food is unlawful, his drink is unlawful, his clothing is unlawful, and he is nourished by the unlawful, so how can he be answered?” (Muslim)
  11. Acknowledging the greatness of Allah and sending Darud to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)in the beginning of Dua: The Prophet (PBUH) says: “When anyone of you makes Dua, he should first praise Allah, send Darud to me and then ask whatever he desires for”. (Tirmizi) Umar (RA) says: “Our Duas remain hung between the earth and heaven until we send Darud to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)”. (Tirmizi)
  12. Confession of sins at the time of Dua: we first need to get out of the sin, repent on it and be fully determined not to repeat it in future.
  13. Dua with low and slow tone is better than louder sound. Allah, the Exalted, in the Glorious Qur’an says: “Supplicate to your Lord humbly and secretly. Surely, He does not like those who cross the limits”. (Surah Al Araf: 55).
  14. Righteous deeds before making Dua like Salah, fasting, charity etc.
  15. Facing towards the direction of Qibla with hands raised against the arm and fingers closed.
  16. Starting Dua with the noble names and attributes of Allah.
  17. Making Dua whole heartedly.
  18. Shedding tears or making your face in a way that it gets resemblance with crying people.
  19. Repeating every part of Dua three times.
  20. Choosing words which have been mentioned in the Qur’an or narrated by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
  21. Making Dua after salah(especiallyFarzsalah).
  22. Saying Amen after each Dua.

The Prophet (PBUH) has also described virtues and etiquettes of Dua in several Hadeeth.

Above mentioned verses and Ahadeeth are enough for us to understand the significance of Dua. All of them encourage us for Dua assure us about our call being answered by Allah if done with sole intention.

Now I will mentionthose Ahadeeth in which Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) has warned us about the displeasure of Allah the Almighty, if we do not ask from Him.

Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that the Prophet (PBUH) said: “Allah gets angry with those who do not beg Him” (Tirmizi). There is no one in the world who gets angry with us if we do not beg him. Even our parents get irritated if we insist upon asking from them all the time. But Allah is Merciful,Ccompassionate and loves His slaves when they beg Him.

Etiquettes of Dua:

Since Dua is a worship, as mentioned earlier in a Hadeeth, we need to follow some etiquettes and instructions which have been taught to us by the Prophet (PBUH), so that our Duas get answered by Allah. If some of the etiquettes are left unintentionally, it does not mean that our call will not be answered. Before mentioning etiquettes of Dua, I would like you to know that among the etiquettes, some are considered as Wajib and primary parts without which Dua is not acceptable, whereas others are simply Mustahab.

Important parts of Dua (Wajibat):

However, in congregation we are allowed to make Duawitha little louder voice.

Mustahabbat of Dua: Things we need to take care of while making Dua

Forbidden things in Dua:

  1. Having faith in means and forgetting that Allah has the power to do everything.
  2. Asking for something which is un-Islamic or illogical.
  3. Bothering for creating rhythm in Dua. As such things cannot come from the heart.
  4. Asking for something bad about one’s siblings. As it may possibly come out of the mouth at a time when Dua is answered.
  5. Being disappointed and hopeless if a Dua is unanswered. Rather one should have complete faith in his Creator and be optimistic that his Dua certainly can be answered at any time.
  6. Night of Qadar: last ten nights of the month of Ramadan. (Tirmizi&IbneMajah)
  7. Entire month of Ramadan including the night of EidulFitr.
  8. Day of Arafa(9th day of the month of DhulHijjah till the sunset. (Tirmizi)
  9. 10th of DhulHijjah in Muzdalifa from the dawn till the sunrise.
  10. Friday night and day.
  11. Every day from the half night till the Dawn.
  12. At the time of Friday prayer. The Prophet (PBUH) says: “On every Friday, there is a certain time in which Dua is answered.” (Bukhari and Muslim) Scholars have different opinions regarding that specific time. Of those two opinions are most preferable. 1) When Imam walks up to the pulpit till the end of Salah. 2) Between Asar and Maghrib. As per the first opinion, people can pray and say Amen in heart when Imam is delivering sermons or making Dua.
  13. Between Azaan and Iqamah. (Timizi)
  14. After obligatory salah. (Nasai)
    1. In Sajdah. (Muslim)
    2. After the recitation of the Qur’an. (Tirmizi)
    3. After drinking Zazam water. (MustadrakHaakim)
    4. At the time of war in Jihad. (Abu Dawood)
    5. In the gathhering of Muslims (SihaheSittah)
    6. At the time of raining. (Abu Dawood)
    7. First sight of Baitullah. (Tirmizi)
  15. During Tawaf.
  16. In Hateem (semi-circular portion which is in fact the part of Ka’ba)Masjidul Haram.
  17. Inside Baitullah.
  18. Safa and Marwah and the area which falls between while performing saee.
  19. Behind Maqaame Ibrahim.
  20. Plains of Arafat, Muzdalifa and Mina.
  21. After the stoning of JamraeUla and Wusta by standing on its right or left isolated from crowd.
  22. Oppressed and helpless people. (Bukhari and Muslim)
  23. Disaster affected people. (Bukhari and Muslim)
  24. Parents’ Dua in favour of their children is answered quickly. (Muslim)
  25. Dua of people who are loyal and obedient to their parents.
  26. Travelers:Dua of travelers are answered, as they are far from their home and are restless due to tiresome journey. In such conditions when they pray, they pray whole heartedly, that is why their Dua is not turned down by Allah the Merciful. (Abu Dawood)
  27. Dua of fasting people at the time of iftar: after having long hours of fast, fasting people feel hungry and their temptation towards food or water increases. They have also already achieved the pleasure of Allah by keeping fast throughout the day that is why Allah honours them with the acceptance of their Dua at the end of fasting.
  28. Dua of a Muslim in favour of another Muslim in his absence: we pray for ourselves. That is good. But we should not forget other Muslim brothers in our prayer. The Prophet (PBUH) says: “Dua which is fastest to be answered by Allah is the Dua for fellow Muslim in his absence. (Tirmizi)
  29. That is solely because such Duas undoubtedly come out from the heart and do not have the iota of show off. The Prophet (PBUH) in another Hadeeth says: “When a Muslim prays for another Muslim in his absence, his Dua answered. Allah appoints an angel who stands beside him, says Amen and repeats the same Dua for that person too”. (Muslim)
  30. Dua of Hujjaj and Mu’tamereen: Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that the Prophet (PBUH) said: “Those who are performing Hajj or Umra, they are the special guests of Allah. If they call Allah, He answers to them or if they ask for forgiveness, their sins are washed away”. (IbneMajah&Nasai)
  31. Dua of sick and Mujahid: there are several Hadeeth in which the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said that Dua of sick until he recovers from sickness and Mujahid until he returns from Jihad is answered. In another Hadeeth the Prophet (PBUH) says: “When you visit a sick, ask him to pray for you”. (IbneMajah)

Times and situations when Dua is answered:

Dua can be answered at any time. But there are some moments or situations in which chances of Dua being answered are more. So we should not waste such prestigious moments.

Places in which Dua is answered:

Dua is answered at any place. But there are certain places in which we have increased chances of Dua being answered.

People whose Dua is not turned down:

How do you realize that your Dua has been answered?

When you are making Dua, you feel guilty of your sins and overwhelmed with fear of Allah. Your body gets shaking and you feel a sudden comfort and rest as if a heavy burden has been removed from your shoulder. If such conditions are created, then praise Allah Almighty as much as you can with complete devotion, send Daru to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and ask whatever you desire for. Don’t be hasty in your prayer. We hope Dua with such conditions will never be turned down by Allah. We Muslims are supposed to be optimistic about our Dua every time. If we are not given whatever we ask for, it does not mean that Dua has been turned down. Allah, the Exalted, is well aware of what is best for us and bless us accordingly.

At the end of the day, Dua is worship. It gives us comfort, guides us to right path, cleanses us from our sins and makes us closer to Allah. Today, we take every measure to avoid difficulties and get rid of our problems, but we do not do what is easier and more effective. May Allah give us taufeeq for Dua.

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (www.najeebqasmi.com)