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بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Remembrance of Allah

Is using beads permissible in Islam?

Apart from performing our obligations, we also need to spare few minutes daily in the morning or evening to remember our Creator. Allah the Exalted in the Glorious Qur’an has asserted on the virtues of Zikr in many places. Few verses from the Qur’an are being quoted below in this regards:

  1. “O you who believe, remember Allah abundantly, and proclaim His purity at morning and evening.”, Chapter: 33, Verses: 14, 42.
  2. “So, proclaim Allah‘s purity (from shirk) when you see the evening and when you see the morning.”, Chapter: 30, Verse: 17.
    1. “Listen, the hearts find peace only in the remembrance of Allah.”, Chapter 13, Verse 28.
  3. “One who remembers Allah and the other one who does not remember Allah are like living and dead souls.” (Bukhari, Chapter: Virtue of the Remembrance of Allah).
  4. “House where Allah’s name is remembered is like living person and house where Allah’s name is not remembered is deserted and is like dead person.” (Muslim, Chapter Virtue of performing nafal Salah in the house)
  5. Fatima (RA) due to her weakness asked Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) for a servant. The Prophet (PBUH) replied: “Shall I not tell you something which is better than this. And that is recitation of Sub’hanallah 33 times, Al’hamdulillah 33 times and Allahu Akbar 34 times before going to bed.” (Bukhari).
  6. The Prophet (PBUH) said: Is one amongst you powerless to get one thousand virtues every day. Amongst those who had been sitting there, one asked: How one amongst us can get one thousand virtues every day? He said: Recite: "Sub’hanallah" (Glory be to Allah) one hundred times for (by reciting it) one thousand virtues are recorded (to your credit) and one thousand vices are blotted out.” (Muslim).
  7. The Prophet (PBUH) is reported to have said: “He who utters “Sub’hanallahi Wa Bihamdihi” (Glory be to Allah, and all praise is due to Him), one hundred times a day, his sins are obliterated even if they are equal to the extent of the foam of the sea.” (Muslim).

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has also emphasized on the significance of Zikr in several Ahadeeth. Few of them are mentioned below for example:

Apart from the general virtues of Zikr which have been described by the Prophet (PBUH), there are some special Zikr whose recitation in specific times has certain virtues. For instance:

Use of Beads:

Aforementioned Hadeeth and many other similar Ahadeeth indicate that there are some Azkar which have to be recited in certain number of times. These numbers can be counted in different ways. You can count them on fingers of your right hand or both hands. You may even count them using small stones, seeds of dates or other fruits. The Prophet (PBUH) has not specified certain method of counting.

The Prophet (PBUH) did not forbid them from doing this. Few of those types of Hadeeth are mentioned below for readers’ reference.

Opinions of of Scholars of Islam About Beads:

Considering various Hadeeth, some of which have been mentioned above, majority of scholars of Hadeeth and Fiqh believe that one may use any of fingers, seeds, stones or beads etc. to count his number of Tasbeeh. Although, using fingers for counting is preferable. All these things are not main objective of prayer. Rather they are source of prayer, like using speakers in Masajid. Scholars of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh have the same opinion. Even Allama Al-Suyouti (RHA) has proved the permissibility of using beads and mentioned the consensus of majority of scholars on it in his booklet ‘Al Minha fi As Sub’ha’.

Renowned scholar and ex-grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, Sheikh Abdullah bin Baaz (RA), has the similar opinion. Below extract has been taken from his website http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/17357

“It is not haram to count your Tasbeeh on beads, seeds or stone. Although using fingers is more preferable. As it has been the practice of the Prophet (PBUH). But it is proved by various Hadeeth that the Prophet (PBUH) saw some women using stone and did not say anything to them. Some pious people also have been observed using stones and other things for counting Tasbeeh. Considering that, we cannot deny the permissibility of those things. However, one would better be suggested to use fingers for counting purpose.”

Allama Ibne Taimiyya (RA) says: “It is proved by authentic Hadeeth that some companions including Abu Huraira (RA) used to count Tasbeeh on stones and Prophet (PBUH) never forbade them.” (Majmu’a Fatawa 22/297).

Note: Silence of Prophet (PBUH) over acts of a companion (RA) is deemed by scholars as his approval.

Well known scholar of Saudi Arabia Sheikh Muhammad Othaimin says: “Beads and fingers can be used for Tasbeeh, as it is proved by the acts of some companions of the Prophet (RA) to use stones. Although, counting on finger is preferable.” This opinion of Sheikh Othaimin is available on this link;

http://majles.montadamoslim.com/t233-topic

Sheikh Abdul Aziz Fauzan bin Salih Al Fauzan and Sheikh Muhammad Hassan, two famous scholars of Saudi Arabia also allow using fingers, beads, seeds etc. Their opinion can be listened on YouTube through this link;

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Summary:

Above mentioned authentic Ahadeeth and opinions of the great scholars prove that one is allowed to use right or left hand, beads etc for Tasbeeh. This act cannot be considered as an innovation in the religion of Islam. The Prophet (PBUH) himself never forbade his companions (RA) from counting Tasbeeh on stones, seeds etc. Similarly none of his companions, successors and scholars of Hadeeth has refused its permissibility. Prohibiting from using left hand or beads or stones or seeds is not only against to the consensus of the majority of scholars but also against to the above mentioned Ahadeeth.

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (www.najeebqasmi.com)