بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Using beads or left hand while remembering Allah

Many authentic Hadeeth are present in the books of Ahadeeth which reveal that some Azkar have to be recited in certain numbers of time. The method of calculating may differ. One can calculate using fingers of his right hand, right and left hand, stones, dates’ seeds or beads. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has not described any certain method of counting.  

  • “The Prophet (PBUH) used to count Tasbeeh on his hand.” (Tirmizi 3411 & 3486, Nasa’i 819 & 1278, Abu Daood 5065 etc)

Above mentioned Hadeeth does not specify right or left hand.  However, similar Hadeeth has been narrated by Abu Daood in which it is clear that the Prophet (PBUH) would use his right hand for Tasbeeh. This Hadith has been recorded by many chains. Only one chain of Abu Daood describes right hand whereas other chains are common and do not specify right or left hand. That is why most of the scholars believe that the word “right” is Shaaz (rare) and has been added by the narrator Muhammad bin Qudama.

Moreover, a number of Prophet’s companions (RA) would use various things for counting Tasbeeh. The Prophet (PBUH) never stopped them.

v  Counting Tasbeeh by simply using hand with no mention of right or left is proved in many Ahadeeth. For example: Abdullah bin Amr (RA) reports: “I saw the Prophet (PBUH) counting Tasbeeh on his right hand.”  (Tirmizi)

v  Mother of Believers Safiya bint Hayy (RA) reports: once the Prophet (PBUH) came to me, I was having 4000 of dates’ seeds on which I used to count Tasbeeh. He asked: O daughter of Hayy what these seeds (kernels) are for? I replied that I use them to count my Tasbeeh. (Tirmizi 4/274 & 3554)

v  Saad bin Abi Waqas (RA) reports that he went to a companion (RA) along with the Prophet (PBUH). She was having seeds or stones which she used for Tasbeeh. (Tirmizi 5/562 & 3568, Abu Daood 1500)

v  Abu Huraira (RA) used to count Tasbeeh on seeds.

Opinions of Scholars of Islam about Beads:

Considering various Ahadeeth, some of which have been mentioned above, majority of scholars of Hadeeth and Fiqh believe that one may use any of fingers, seeds, stones or beads etc. to count his number of Tasbeeh. Although, using fingers for counting is preferable. All these things are not the main objective of prayer. Rather they are the source of prayer, like using speakers in Masajid. Scholars of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh have the same opinion. Even Allama Al Suyouti (RA) has proved the permissibility of using beads and mentioned the consensus of majority of scholars on it in his booklet Al Min’ha fi As Sub’ha.

Renowned scholar and ex-great Mufti of Saudi Arabia, Sheikh Abdullah bin Baaz (RA), hasalso the similar opinion. Below extract has been taken from his website http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/17357

“There is no harm in counting your Tasbeeh on beads, seeds or stone. Although using fingers is more preferable. As it has been the practice of the Prophet (PBUH). But it is proved by various Hadeeth that the Prophet (PBUH) saw some women using stone and did not say anything to them. Some pious people also have been observed using stones and other things for counting Tasbeeh. Considering that, we cannot deny the permissibility of those things. However, one would better be suggested to use fingers for counting purpose.”

Allama Ibne Taimiyya (RA) says: “It is proved by authentic Ahadeeth that some companions including Abu Huraira (RA) used to count Tasbeeh on stones and Prophet (PBUH) never forbade them. (Majmu’a Fatawa 22/297)

Note: Silence of Prophet (PBUH) over acts of a companion (RA) is deemed by scholars as his approval.

Well known scholar of Saudi Arabia Sheikh Muhammad Othaimin says: “Beads and fingers can be used for Tasbeeh, as it is proved by the acts of some companions of the Prophet (RA) to use stones. Although, counting on finger is preferable.” This opinion of Shaikh Othaimin is available on the link;

http://majles.montadamoslim.com/t233-topic

Shaikh Abdul Aziz Fauzan bin Salih Al Fauzan and Shaikh Muhammad Hassan, two famous scholars of Saudi Arabia also allow using fingers, beads, seeds etc. Their opinion can be listened on;

youtube

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Shaikh Abdul Fattah Salih Al Yafi’ee has written a scholarly article on the topic in question in which he has mentioned the consensus of the 4 Imam on permissibility of Tasbeeh on beads. The article is available on the link;

http://www.almeshkat.net/index.php?pg=stud&ref=144

Summary:

Above mentioned authentic Ahadeeth and opinions of great scholars prove that one is allowed to use right or left hand, beads etc. for Tasbeeh. This act cannot be considered as an innovation in the religion of Islam. The Prophet (PBUH) himself never forbade his companions from counting Tasbeeh on stones, seeds etc. Similarly none of his companions, successors and scholars of Hadeeth has refused its permissibility. Prohibiting from using left hand or beads or stones or seeds is not only against to the consensus of the majority of scholars but also against to the above mentioned Ahadeeth.

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (www.najeebqasmi.com)