بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Salatut Tasbih (The Prayer of Glorification):

Importance, virtue and its method

The virtue of performing of Salatut Tasbih was mentioned in Ahadeeth of the Messenger (PBUH) of all mankind and Jinns till Doomsday. Its first and foremostvirtue being thatit erases all the previous sins. I am writing this short article,so that one can perform it according to their convenience. May Allah the Almighty give us Taufeeq for His worship.

Reason for naming it Salatut Tasbih:

This salah contains the excessive glorification of Allah. To say "Subhaanllahi Walhamdu lillahi Wa Laailaha illallaahu Wallahu Akbar" (Glory be to Allah! Praise be to Allah! And there is no god but Allah and Allah is the greatest) is a glorification. In every Rak’ah of this prayer these words are recitedseventy five times, and in all the four Rak’ah of this salah these words are recited three hundred times.

Shariah proof of Salatut Tasbih:

It is narrated by Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) that the Prophet (PBUH) said to Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib (RA): O my uncle! Shall I not give you a gift, Shall I not give you a prize,Shall I not tell you a beneficial thing? There are ten things when you do, Allah will forgive all of yoursins of the future and of the past, new and old, those you have forgotten and those you did knowingly, major and minor, hidden and revealed. Those are ten things that you should perform a four Rak’ah prayer, read Surhahal-Fatihah and another Surah in very Rak’ah. After the completion of Qira’at, recite this tasbeeh "Subhaanllahi Walhamdu lillahi Wa Laailaha illallaahu Wallahu Akbar "fifteen times in the standing position, then do Ruku’ (Bowing Down) and after saying Subhana Rabbiyal Azeem, recite this tasbeeh ten times’, then raise your head from Ruku’ and after saying the words of Qaumah (standing erect after Ruku’), recite this tasbeeh ten times. Then do Sajdah (Prostration), after saying Subhana Rabiyyal-'Alaa, recite this tasbeeh ten times, then recite this tasbeeh in Jalsa (the sitting position between two Sujud). Then after saying Subhana Rabiyyal 'Alaa, recite this tasbeeh in the second sajdah ten times. Then raise your head from Sajdah and read this tasbeeh ten times in the sitting position (before standing for the next Rak’ah). In this way, the total number of thetasbeeh would be seventy five. Do the same in all the four Rak’ahs.

(O my uncle), If you are able to pray this once every day, do so, and if you cannot do so, then every Friday, and if you cannot do so in every week, then once every month, and if you cannot do so, then once every year, and if you cannot do so, then once in your life time(Sunan Abu Daud Vol 1 p. 190, Chapter: Salatut Tasbeeh, Sunan Tirmidhi: Vol 1 p. 109, Chapter: That which has been narrated concerning the Salatut Tasbeeh, Sunan Ibne Majah Vol 1 p. 99, Chapter: That which has been narrated concerning Salatut Tasbeeh, al-Targheeb wal-Tarheeblil-Munziri Vol 1 page 268 al-Targheeb fi salatit tasbeeh).

Note:This Hadeeth has been mentioned in twentybooks of Hadeeth. But references of only four books have been given here just to make itbrief.

There is another way to perform Salatut Tasbeeh

After reading Thana, recite it (Tasbeeh) fifteen times, then before Rukoo, in Rukoo, after Rukoo, in the first Sajdah, between the two Sujud, then in the second sajdah, this tasbeeh should be recited ten times in each position. Then after the second Sajdah do not sit but stand for the second Rak’ah. The remaining order is the same(Sunan Tirmidhi Vol 1 page 109, Chapter: That which has been narrated concerning the Salatut Tasbeeh, al-Targheebwal-Tarheeblil- Munziri Vol 1 page 269 al-Targheeb fi salatit tasbeeh).

The benefits of this Hadeeth:

  1. From this Hadeeth, we learnt the virtue of Salatut tasbeeh, its number of Rak’ahs, the way of performing it, and Istehbab (Desirability) of performing it from time to time.
  2. The uncle of Prophet (PBUH) Abbas (RA) has been honored.
  3. We learnt from this Hadeeth that how the Prophet (PBUH) was worried about the Muslim Ummah.
  4. This Hadeethestablishes a very important rule of Shari;ah, i.e. “Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds”.

Its important virtue is the forgiveness of the past sins:

The Prophet (PBUH) said about Salatut tasbeeh that, by the grace of this Salah, Allah forgives all sins of the future and of the past, new and old, those you have forgotten and those you did knowingly, big and small, hidden and revealed.

Surely we are sinners, we should, along with repentance and Istighfar, offer Salatut  tasbeeh from time to time as well,so that our sins are forgiven. Salah plays a great role in the forgiveness of sins. Thus, a Hadeeth in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim says that, a person kissed a woman and came to the Prophet (PBUH), and admitted his sin, then Allah revealed this verse,“And establish prayer at the two ends of the day and at the approach of the night. Indeed, good deeds do away with misdeeds. That is a reminder for those who remember” (Surah Hood, verse 114). Then the person asked the Prophet (PBUH),if it was only for him. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “This virtue is for my whole Ummah.”Shari’ah rule (good deeds remove bad deeds) was revealed for the incident of one person but it is applicable to the whole mankind till the Doomsday. Likewise, the Prophet (PBUH) said, “The five daily prayers and Friday prayer to the next Friday prayer, and the fasting of Ramadan to the next Ramadan, serve as expiation (Kaffarah)for the sins committed in between them, so long as the major sins are avoided.” (Sahih Muslim). In short, in the light of the Holy Qur’an and Hadeeth, Muslim Ummahis agreed that Allah forgives sins by Salah. Moreover, it is mentioned in so many Ahadeeth that Allah forgives sins by His remembrance (Dhikr), and in Salatut tasbeeh"Subhaanl lahi Wal hamdulil lahi  Wa Laailaha illallaahu Wallahu  Akbar" are merely the words of Dhikr. In short, forgiveness of sins by Salah is a matter approved by the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah. Salatut tasbeeh is also a Salah. So there should not be any doubt that it causes the sins to be forgiven.

Practices of “Salaf-e-Saliheen” (pious predecessors) regarding Salatut tasbeeh

Imam Baihiqi, a celebrated Hadeeth scholar (384-458 A.H.) wrote in his famous book (Sh’abulEimaan1/247) that Imam of Hadeeth Shaikh Abdullah bin Mubarak (118-181 A.H.) was habitual of performing Salatut tasbeeh, and other pious predecessors also used to perform it. Since very early age,Hadeeth scholars, Qur’an scholars and the Juristswrote several books on this topic, and mentioned so many proofs for the validity of Salatut tasbeeh. The book (Zikru Salatit Tasbeeh) of Imam Hafiz Abubakr Khateeb Baghdadi (392-463 A.H.) is important enough among them.

The time of Salatut tasbeeh:

There is no specific time for Salatut Tasbeeh. It can be offered in theday or in the night timewhenever one wishes to do, except the times in which the Prophet (PBUH) has prohibited to perform Salah. The Prophet (PBUH) himself made it clear that if you are able to pray this Salah once every day, do so, and if you cannot do so, then every Friday, and if you cannot do so in every week, then once every month, and if you cannot do so, then once every year, and if you cannot do so, then once in your life time.

There are two methods of offering Salatut Tasbeeh

First method:

Offer four Rak’ah the same way as you offer the normal four Rak’ah Salah. After the completion of Qiraat in the first Rak’ah, recite this Tasbeeh"Subhaanl lahi Wal hamdu lillahi Wa Laailaha illallaahu Wallahu Akbar" in the standing position before going to Ruku’ fifteen times,  then do Ruku’ (Bowing Down) and after saying Subhan Rabbiyal Azeem recite this Tasbeeh ten times in Ruku’. Then raise your head from Ruku’ and after saying the words of Qaumah (standing after Ruku’), recite this Tasbeeh ten times. Then do Sajdah (Prostration), after saying Subhana Rabiyyal 'Alaa, recite this Tasbeeh ten times. Then raise your head from Sajdah, and recite this Tasbeeh in the sitting position between the two Sujud. Then in the second Sajdah, after saying Subhana Rabiyyal 'Alaa, recite this Tasbeeh ten times. Then raise your head from Sajdah and recite this Tasbeeh ten times in the sitting position (before standing for the next Rak’ah). In this way, the total number of this Tasbeeh would be seventy five. Repeat the same process in all the four Rak’ahs.

Second Method:

After reading Thana, recite the Tasbeeh fifteen times, then before Ruku’, in Ruku’, after Ruku’, in the first Sajdah, between the two Sajdah (jalsa), then in the second sajdah, Tasbeeh should be recited ten times in each position. Then after the second Sajdah do not sit, but stand for the second Rak’ah. The remaining order is same.

Removal of a doubt:

In this era, a new Fitna (tribulation) appeared that some people, having only a petty knowledge of the Shari’ah, have made the goal of their life to declare a majority of Muslims even Scholars as disbelievers, polytheists, wrongful innovators (bida‘ati).And before people, they are imposing their thoughts in a way that whatever they understood is only correct, and rest of school of thoughts are disbelievers, polytheists and wrongful innovators (bida‘ati). Therefore, they, being over confident, declared the Ahadeeth of Salatut Tasbeehas Da`if (weak) and Maudu` (fabricated, forged), and then declared the Salatut Tasbeeh as Bid’ah (wrong innovation). Whereas the Ahadeeth of Salatut Tasbeeh have been mentioned in the books of Hadeeth which have got popularity among Muslim Ummah from the early age, which are called Sihahe Sittah (The six authentic Hadeeth books). And from the beginning till today in every period of time, a group of Hadeeth scholars declared these Ahadeeth as Sahih (authentic). Even Shaikh Nasiruddin Albani of the modern age declared the Hadeeth of Salatut Tasbee has Sahih which is mentioned in Abu Daud. A large group of scholars raised several objections on Shaikh Nasiruddin Albani that he declared a huge collection of Hadeeth as weak in a way that no example could be found from the time of the compiling of Hadeeth till today, which creates doubts regarding other important sources of Islamic Shari’ah. Moreover, great Hadeeth scholars like Muhammad bin Ishaq bin Mandah, Imam Khateeb Baghdadi, Abubakr Muhammad bin Mansoor al-Sam’ani, Imam Munziri, Ibn Salah, Imam Muslim, Imam Nawawi, Imam Ishaq bin Rahwaih, IbneHajr al-Asqalani, Ibne Hajr al-Haithami, Shaikh Abdullah bin Mubarak and Allamah Ahmad Shakir whose servicesto the Holy Qur’an and Hadeeth would benefit the people till the Doomsday day, also declared the Ahadeeth of Salatut Tasbeeh as Sahih. When a group of Hadeeth scholars declared these Hadeeth or only one Hadeeth as Sahih, then to gather courage for declaring Salatut Tasbeeh as Bid’ah is not a deed of wise man but it is only an uncompromising nature. If only one Sahih Hadeeth is found in any chapter or there are Ahadeeth reported by different chains of narrators (Isnad) though there is some weakness in them, no one has the right to declare this action as Bid’ah. Because there is strong possibility that it would be the words of the Prophet (PBUH).

Removal of second doubt:

Some people say that why did the Prophet (PBUH)taught this Salah to his uncle Abbas (RA) only, and why did he not teach Muslimsin common?So we should remember well that though several ahkaam (commands) of the Holy Qur’an and Hadeeth were revealed in the cases of some individual persons, but they are the commands for all Muslims till the Doomsday. For example, the Hadeeth of the Prophet (PBUH) “Umrah (performed) in Ramadan is equal to performing Hajj with Prophet (PBUH)” was for a woman in particular incident but the virtue of this Hadeeth is for all the mankind till the Doomsday Insha Allah. Likewise, though Abbas (RA) was taught Salatut Tasbeeh at the beginning but all the mankind would gain the virtue of this Salah till the Doomsday Insha Allah.

Removal of third doubt:

Some people say that when there are different opinions regarding Ahadeeth of Salatut Tasbeeh whether they are Sahih or weak, why should we perform Salatut Tasbeeh? But it is better to perform other Sunnah and Nafl prayers. My dear Brothers! We believe that Salatut Tasbeeh is proved by the Prophet (PBUH). There is no doubt of any kind for us in it. Therefore, we, according to our Prophet’s (PBUH) direction, perform Salatut Tasbeeh according to our convenience. If you do not want to perform Salatut Tasbeeh, do not perform it. But to declare Salatut Tasbeeh as bid’ah is a dangerous thing. Because it may cause the declaration of the Hadeeth of the Prophet (PBUH) as Bid’ah.

May Allah make us to live our life according to the commandments of Allah and sayings of the Prophet (PBUH),Amen!

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (www.najeebqasmi.com)