بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Concise and Comprehensive Sayings of the Unprecedented eloquent of the Arab World Muhammad (PBUH)

An epitome of eloquence and perfection of language and an unprecedented eloquent of the Arab World Muhammad (PBUH) said that he was bestowed with the eloquence and perfection of language. (Bukhari) It means that he (PBUH) had the capacity of expressing wide meanings using short phrases. Among countless features of the Prophet (PBUH) is that when the first revelation was descended upon him and he was asked to recite, he excused by saying that he was not a lettered person. But Allah had trained him in such a fashion that his sayings and actions have become an example and will remain so as long as the world will exist. Great scholars and men of literature shone in the horizons benefiting from the wise sayings of the prophet (PBUH). Some of his sentences have become proverbs of Arabic literature as long as the world will last. The preaching, exhortation, speeches, messages and supplications enriched and added value to the Arabic literature besides giving it a unique style.

What else it can be other than a miracle that a person who after saying "I am not a lettered person", surprisingly, says “I am the most eloquent person of the Arab world, for I belong to Quraish tribe and I have suckled from Bani Sad”,(الفائق في غريب الحديث authored by Zamakhsahri). These two tribes enjoyed special position and ranking in the field of language and literature. Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) once asked Allah's Messenger (PBUH) saying "I have travelled in the Arab world and have listened to their most eloquent persons, but did not find any of them more eloquent than you. Who has trained you?” He (PBUH) said, "My Lord has trained me in the best manner and conferred upon me with the best literature". Scholar have differed on the authenticity of the above-mentioned Hadeeth, however the meaning contained in it has been accepted by all of them.

Allah has gifted His Messenger (PBUH)such a high level of eloquence and literature which will have no parallel to it till the Doomsday. His wise sayings will serve as light of the way for the whole mankind. Speeches of the Prophet (PBUH) especially the speech delivered at the time of Hajjatul-Wida' which was his last speech is not only among the most concise but it also serves as a base of the human right. In the said speech, delivered before more than one thousand and four hundred years ago, the Prophet (PBUH) presented concisely principles, if they are implemented, peace and security may be established in the whole world.

Just as the wise sayings of the Prophet (PBUH)have been accorded special importance, the Islamic Shari’ah is abundant with the virtues of memorizing theses wise sayings. Allah's messenger (PBUH) said, “The one who memorizes, for the sake of benefiting my people, forty Ahadeeth useful for religious works, Allah will resurrect him with the group of scholars and martyred and will say to them to enter paradise from whichever gate they please”. This hadeeth has been narrated by Ali, Abdullah bin Mas'ood, Mu'az bin Jabal, Abud Darda, Abu Saeed, Abu Hurairah, Abdullah bin Abbas, Abdullah bin Umar, Jabir and Anas (RA) and it is mentioned in various books of Hadeeth. Some scholars have questioned the authenticity of the chain of this Hadeeth, however in quest for obtaining the reward mentioned in the said Hadeeth, scores of scholars have gathered forty Ahadeeth. The most famous of them is the forty Ahadeeth compiled by Imam Nawawi the author of the most famous explanation of "Muslim" which has the wide popularity in the whole world.

Given below are forty Ahadeeth extracted from the books of "Bukhari" and "Muslim". They contain wealth of knowledge and information, which serve as the wise principles of high moral, culture and civilization. We, therefore, should memorize them, put them in practice and communicate them to others, so that even Non-Muslims may also clear their doubts about Islam after having been acquainted with the true teachings of the prophet (PBUH).

  1. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “Actions are judged by intentions”. (Bukhari & Muslim)
  2. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said:“Major sins are; to ascribe partners to Allah, disobey parents, murder someone without any wrong on his side, and to give false witness”. (Bukhari)
  3. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said:“Avoid the seven destructive sins”.The companions (RA) inquired, 'O Allah's Messenger! What they are, he said, “To join others in the worship along with Allah, magic, to kill a person without any just cause, to consume Riba (interest), to embezzle an orphan's wealth, to flee from the battlefield and to accuse a chaste woman. (Bukhari & Muslim)
  4. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said:The signs of a hypocrite are three; telling lies, breaking promise, and if entrusted betrays.(Bukhari & Muslim)
  5. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: The best of you are those who learn the Qur’an and teach it. (Bukhari)
  6. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “The most beloved deeds to Allah are the most regular and constant even though it were little”. (Bukhari & Muslim)
  7. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said:  “I am the seal of the prophets, there is no prophet after me”. (Bukhari & Muslim)
  8. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “Purity is half of Iman (faith)”. (Muslim)
  9. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “The dearest parts on the face of the earth loved by Allah are the mosques”. (Muslim)
  10. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: "Whoever sends Darud once upon me, Allah will send ten blessings upon him”. (Muslim)
  11. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said:  “A believer should not be stung twice from the same hole”. (Bukhari & Muslim)
  12. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said:  “The wrestler is not one who is good at wrestling, but the wrestler is one who controls himself in a fit of rage”. (Bukhari & Muslim)
  13. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: "A believer owes another believer five rights: responding to greetings, visiting the sick, following the funeral, accepting the invitation, and saying 'Yarhamuk-Allah (May Allah have mercy on you),' when one says 'Al-hamdulillah (Praise be to Allah)' after sneezing". (Bukhari & Muslim)
  14. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "He who is not merciful to people, Allah will not be merciful to him". (Bukhari & Muslim)
  15. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “Oppression will turn into darkness on the Day of Resurrection.”  (Bukhari & Muslim)
  16. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “A backbiter will not enter the Paradise”. (Bukhari & Muslim)
  17. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “Live in this world as though you were a stranger or a wayfarer”. (Muslim)
  18. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “The one who severs the ties of kinship will not enter the Paradise”. (Bukhari & Muslim)
  19. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “The Prophet (PBUH) said, "If one does not leave telling lies and false conduct while he is fasting, Allah has no need that he should abstain from his food and his drink”. (Bukhari)
  20. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “The Prophet (PBUH) said, "It is enough for a man to prove himself a liar when he goes on narrating whatever he hears”. (Muslim)
  21. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: "He will not enter Jannah whose neighbour is not secured from his mischief". (Bukhari & Muslim)
  22. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “The best among you for me, are those who have the best manners and character”. (Bukhari & Muslim)
  23. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “Wealth does not diminish by giving Sadaqah (charity). Allah augments the honour of one who forgives and one who serves another seeking the pleasure of Allah, Allah will exalt him in ranks”. (Muslim)
  24. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “A man's spending on his family is a deed of charity”. (Bukhari & Muslim)
  25. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “0 young men, those among you who is capable of marrying should marry, for it restrains eyes (from casting evil glances) and preserves one from immorality; but he who cannot afford he should keep fasts for it is a means of controlling the sexual desire”. (Bukhari)
  26. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “A woman is married for four things: for her wealth, for her lineage, for her beauty or for her piety. Select the pious, you may be blessed”. (Bukhari & Muslim)
  27. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: "What is lawful is clear and what is unlawful is clear, but between them are certain doubtful things which many people do not know. So he who guards against doubtful things keeps his religion and his honour blameless. But he who falls into doubtful things falls into that which is unlawful, just as a shepherd who grazes his cattle in the vicinity of a pasture declared prohibited (by the king), he is likely to stray into the pasture. Mind you, every king has a protected pasture and Allah's involved limits is that which He has declared unlawful. Verily, there is a piece of flesh in the body, if it is healthy, the whole body is healthy, and if it is corrupt, the whole body is corrupt. Verily, it is the heart”. (Bukhari)
  28. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “By Allah, it is not poverty that I fear for you, but I fear that this world will be opened up with its wealth for you as it was opened to those before you; and you vie with one another over it as they did and eventually it will ruin you as it ruined them”. (Bukhari & Muslim)
  29. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “Allah helps His slave as long as he helps his brother”. (Muslim)
  30. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said, "When honesty is lost, then wait for the Hour”.  (Bukhari)
  31. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: How Duas can he be answered of those persons who eat unlawful food, drink unlawful, wear unlawful clothes. (Muslim)
  32. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said:  “One who strives to help the widows and the poor is like the one who fights in the way of Allah”. (Bukhari & Muslim)
  33. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “You are given sustenance and helped due to poor persons”. (Bukhari)
  34. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “May Allah show mercy to a man who adopts a kind attitude when he sells, buys and demands for the repayment of loans”. (Bukhari)
  35. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “Eat, drink, give charity and clothe yourselves, without being extravagant, and without showing off”. (Bukhari)
  36. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “Envy is permitted only in two cases: A man whom Allah gives wealth, and he disposes of it rightfully and a man to whom Allah gives knowledge which he applies and teaches it”. (Bukhari)
  37. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “The believers in their mutual kindness, compassion and sympathy are just like one body. When one of the limbs suffers, the whole body responds to it with wakefulness and fever”. (Muslim)
  38. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “Do not harbour grudge against one another, nor jealousy, nor enmity; and do not show your backs to one another and become as fellow brothers and slaves of Allah. It is not lawful for a Muslim to avoid speaking with his brother beyond three days”. (Bukhari)
  39. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: "A true Muslim is one from whose tongue and hands other Muslims are safe and a Muhajir (Emigrant) is one who refrains from what Allah has forbidden". (Bukhari)
  40. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “Verily Allah has prescribed ihsan (proficiency, perfection) in all things. So if you kill then kill well and if you slaughter, then slaughter well. Let each one of you sharpen his blade and let him spare suffering to the animal he slaughters.” (Muslim)

I hope that based on the sayings (mentioned above) of the seal of prophets, leaders of messengers and the best of whole creations of Allah, Mohammad (PBUH), we will be able to save ourselves from the big sins, such as shirk, disobedience of parents, killing, telling lies, sorcery, injustice, aggression, breaking promises, breach of trust, non-observance of kinship, wrongdoing with neighbours, using unlawful and doubtful things, extravagance, being proud, envy and hatred;all of which have become incurable disease of our society. Hope we will do good deeds according to the teachings of our prophet (PBUH) seeking continence of Allah. I hope we will leave no stone unturned to steadfastly working in this mortal word for our everlasting lives in the hereafter by amending our moral character and elevating it to the highest ranks. May Allah help us understand the sayings of the epitome of eloquence and perfection of language and an unprecedented eloquent of the Arab World, Muhammad (PBUH) and may he help us to put them in practice. May he help us to communicate them to others, Amen!

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (