بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the Seal of Prophets

Allah sent Muhammad (PBUH) as the Seal of prophets and leader of messengers. The door of prophet-hood and prophetic mission has now been closed forever. The prophet (PBUH) was given a complete religion. That is why, Shari’ah of Muhammad (PBUH) (i.e. the Qur’an and Hadeeth and the sciences extracted from them) exclusively will remain as the light of the way for the whole mankind as long as this world lasts. Among the clear evidence to the end of the prophet-hood with the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is that he was sent as messenger till the Day of Judgment for the whole mankind. Allah proclaims the universal prophet-hood of the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) at numerous places in the Holy Qur’an. Given below are three such verses.

  • Say (O Muhammad SAW): "O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah — to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. (Surah al-A’araf: 158)
  • And We have not sent you (O Muhammad SAW) except as a giver of glad tidings and a warner to all mankind. (Surah Saba: 28)
  • And We have sent you (O Muhammad SAW) not but as a mercy for the 'Alameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists). (Surah Anbiya’: 107)

Since the very beginning of Islam till the present day the whole nation of Islam in the light of the Qur’an and Hadeeth unanimously agrees to the fact that the chain of prophet-hood has ended with the prophet-hood of Muhammad (PBUH). Over a period of more than one thousand and four hundred years, billions of Muslims have subscribed to this faith. Thousands of Hadeeth scholars, Commentators of Qur’an, Jurists and scholars in the explanation of the Qur’an and Hadeeth have clearly stated that the series of prophet-hood has now ended and that Shari’ah of Muhammad (PBUH) will be in force till the Day of Judgment. All the schools of thought of Muslim Ummah, every person whether scholar or illiterate, residing in cities or rural areas, not only Muslims but also some of the non-Muslims also know about this belief of the Muslims that Muhammad (PBUH) is the last prophet and messenger of Allah and that there will be no more prophet or messenger. Scores of those claiming prophet-hood have emerged from time to time who were defeated by the whole Muslim Ummah defending their prophet and the flag of Islam.

Many verses of the Holy Qur'an testify that Muhammad (PBUH) is the last prophet. Maulana Mufti Muhammad Shafi (RHA), in his book "Khatme Nubuwat"  (The End of Prophet-hood) proved it supported by one hundred verses of the Qur’an, 210 Ahadeeth, consensus of the nation, hundreds of statements of companions of the prophet (RA),  companions of the prophet's companions and great scholars of Islam. Some scholars have proved the end of the prophet-hood by each Surah of the Holy Qur’an. I prefer to briefly mention one verse:

“Muhammad (PBUH) is not the father of any of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the last (end) of the Prophets. And Allah is Ever All Aware of everything”.

During the time of ignorance (Pre-Islamic times), the adopted son was regarded as the real son. At the beginning of this verse, Allah has refuted this saying that the adopted son is not in the position of a real son. Thus the prophet (PBUH) is not the father of Zaid bin Thabit (RA). Thereafter Allah says "But he (PBUH) is the Messenger of Allah and the seal of the prophets".

This article is about this phrase of this verse. This clearly testifies to the fact that the religion of Islam and the gift of prophet-hood have been completed with the prophet-hood of Muhammad (PBUH). There is neither a room nor is there a need for a prophet after the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Allah says "اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي" This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, (Surah Al-Maedah: 3). Allah is the Lord of the worlds, i.e. He is the Sustainer of all the human being, jinns and the whole universe till the Day of Judgment. Likewise the prophet (PBUH) was not sent as a prophet for the people of his time, nor for the Muslims only, but he (PBUH) was sent as a prophet to the whole mankind and there will be no prophet till the Day of Judgment. Even Eisa (AS), after his dissension to the earth will follow on the Shari’ah of Muhammad (PBUH) and will he people to it exclusively.

Besides the words of Allah, sayings of the prophet (PBUH) are also an important part of Islam. In addition, we cannot understand the words of Allah without traditions i.e. sayings and actions of Allah's messenger (PBUH). Allah ordains in several verses to obey the messenger besides his obedience. Thus besides the Holy Qur’an prophet's (PBUH) Ahadeeth (sayings and actions) is an important source of Islamic Shari’ah. The wealth of Hadeeth contains hundreds of sayings of the prophet (PBUH) which clearly testify that there will be no prophet or messenger after him. These sayings have reached through multiple chains to the Muslim nation. Therefore, in the light of the Qur’anic verses and prophet's Ahadeeth, the whole Muslim nation is unanimously agree that just as one cannot be a Muslim without believing in him, he cannot be a Muslim unless he believes that he (PBUH) is the last prophet. Numerous Ahadeeth contained in books of Ahadeeth clearly testify the end of prophet-hood. Given below are two Ahadeeth:

The messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, my example, in comparison to other prophets (AS), is of a person who built a house and decorated it in the highest capacity but left the place of a brick in a corner of it. People come to see the house, praise it and say why this brick is not fixed, so that the house would have been completed. I filled that left place, the palace of the prophet-hood is completed by me, I am the seal of the prophets and the chain of prophets ends with me. (Muslim, Tirmizi, Nasai & Musnad Ahmed) The prophet Muhammad (PBUH) explained the issue of Khatme Nubuwat (the end of prophet-hood) by giving a best example.

The messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, the prophets (AS) of Bani Israel used to be the leader of their nation, whenever any prophet dies, Allah used to sent another prophet as his deputy. Whereas, after me no prophet will come, rather there will be Caliphs of me. (Bukhari & Muslim)

In the light of the Qur’an and Sunnah, the whole Muslim Ummah from the beginning of Islam till today agrees that the door of prophet-hood has been closed after our prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Muhammad (PBUH) is the last messenger of Allah (PBUH) and Shari’ah given to will remain as the light of the way for the whole mankind as long as this world lasts.

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (www.najeebqasmi.com)