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بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Dress of the Prophet (PBUH)

Chapter One: Dress:

This article is about the dress of the leader of prophets and the whole mankind Muhammad Mustafa (PBUH). The aim of this article is to enlighten the people to adopt the way of the Prophet (PBUH) in their dress and avoid such dresses which conflict with Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH), as much as possible. Allah has made the prophetic way an excellent model for all the human being till the Day of Judgment. Allah says in the Holy Qur’an (Surah Al-Ahzab: 21). “There is indeed a good model for you in the Messenger of Allah”.

Libas is the rout word; it means something which is worn (Dress) like the book which means something written. The word of Libas includes turban, cap, shirt, jubbah, sheet, Tahband, Pajama and everything which is worn.

Allah says about dress in the Holy Qur’an: “O children of ‘Adam, We have sent down to you the dress that covers your shame and provides adornment. As for the dress of Taqwa (piety), that is the best.” (Surah al-A’araf: 26) Libasut Taqwa means such dress which has modesty. At another place Allah says: “and made for you shirts that protect you from heat”. (Surah al-Nahl: 81)

In the light of the Qur’an and Sunnah, scholars have said that a person as per the tradition of his area in which he lives may put on any dress taking into a consideration about some conditions, i.e. every dress is halal, as Allah says, Say, Who has prohibited the adornment Allah has brought forth for His servants, and the wholesome things of sustenance? (Surah Al-Araf: 32).

Chapter Two: Some Basic Principles for Shara'ee Dress:

In the light of the sayings of the prophet (PBUH) and his actions, scholars have mentioned some conditions to be followed such as:

  1. Men must wear a dress which covers the parts between the navel and the knee. A dress which covers the whole body except the hand, foot and face. The women must wear a dress which covers the whole body except hand, foot and face (Note: This is about the dress and not the veil, as it is necessary for a woman to cover her face in front of non-Maharms).
  2. A dress should not be against the instructions of the prophet (PBUH). (i.e. men should neither use dress made of silk nor pure red or yellow).
  3. A dress should not be such thin or light that the body parts are visible.
  4. Neither the men's dress should be similar to women's nor the women’s similar to the men's.
  5. Neither the men's dress should be much colourful nor the women’s more perfumed.
  6. Men's dress must be above the ankle while women's dresses should be below the ankle.
  7. The dress of Muslim should not be similar to the religious dresses of the disbelievers.

Chapter Three: The Most Favourite Dress of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), "White Dress"

The Muslim Ummah has agreed that the prophet (PBUH) used to like white dresses. Numerous Ahadeeth mention this. Only two Ahadeeth are mentioned here due to space constraints.

The purer because they become dirty soon and therefoer washed frequently, contrary to the coloured clothes, for they are not washed frequently, and the dirt get stuck on them. Therefore, a sound nature inclines to it. Abul Laith Samarqandi (RHA) in his book "Bustanul Aarifeen" and the author of the well-known book of Hanafi jurisprudence "Raddul Mukhtar" Allama Shami (RHA) wrote that the best among the colours is the white colour and wearing white dresses is Sunnah of the prophet (PBUH).

Chapter Four: Saying and Action of Prophet (PBUH) about Colored Dresses:

Prophet (PBUH) mostly used to wear white dresses, though sometimes he has worn coloured dresses also. The coloured dress was in the form of sheet, head cover, or cloak, but his Qamees (shirt) and Tahband (lower dress) used to be of white colour generally.

Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-Aas (RA) narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) once saw him wearing pure yellow dress and said this is the dress of disbeliever, don’t wear it. In one Hadeeth it is mentioned that Allah's messenger (PBUH) ordered him to put it on fire.

Imran bin Husain (RA) narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said: Neither will I ride Arghwani horse, nor will I wear yellow coloured clothes having silk border, and beware that men's aroma is one which has no colour and women's aroma is the one which has no smell but it is colourful (Mishkat, page 375). Arghwan is a red coloured flower, now people say Arghwani to any red colour and in this Hadeeth red colour is meant.

Abi Rimtha Refa'ah (RA) said, “I had seen the prophet (PBUH) wearing two green clothes.” (Abu Daud 4065, Tirmizi, 2813).

Bara'a (RA) said, “Prophet (PBUH) was of medium length. Once I saw him wearing a sheet with red coloured lining. I never saw a scene more beautiful than this” (Bukhari 10/258, Muslim 2337).

Anas (RA) narrated that the prophet (PBUH) liked Yemeni sheet with red coloured lining very much. (Bukhari and Muslim).

Clarification: It has been narrated in some Ahadeeth that Allah's messenger (PBUH) had used red coloured dress while in some Ahadeeth he (PBUH) has prohibited men to wear red and yellow coloured clothes. There seem to be a conflict in this. Scholars and Muhadditheen have said to remove this conflict by saying that it is prohibited to use pure red or yellow colour dresses, and it is not prohibited to use dresses having red or yellow colour lining (designing).

Chapter Five: Qamees (Shirt) of the Prophet (PBUH):

Chapter Six: Turban of Allah's messenger (PBUH):

Note: Hanging of Shamla is Mustahabb and it is from among the extra Sunnah. Shamla should be of at least 4 fingers long and it should not be more than one hand.

Chapter Seven: Cap of Allah's messenger (PBUH):

Allah's messenger (PBUH) generally used white cap. While in his native place his cap used to be sticking to his head but in his journey his cap used to be raised on his head. Allama Ibnul Qayyim (RHA) wrote in his book (Zadul Ma'ad Fi Hadyi Khairil Ibad) that Allah's messenger (PBUH) used to tie turban and put a cap beneath it. Allah's messenger (PBUH) put on cap without turban also and used turban without wearing cap also. All scholars of the Saudi Arabia are of the opinion that wearing cap is Sunnah of Allah's messenger (PBUH) and it has been used by all Muhadditheen, Mufassireen, jurists, scholars and pious persons. Moreover, cap is an adornment for a the human being. In the light of the Qur’anic verse of (Surah Al-A'raf 31) one is required to be adorned. So we should offer our Salahs wearing caps.  Abdullah bin Umar (RA) once saw his slave Nafe’ offering Salah bare-headed, he became very angry and said Allah is the most deserving that we should come in front of Him with adornment. Imam Abu Hanifah (RHA) said "offering Salat bare-head is Makrouh (disagreeable). Muahddith of the current age Sheikh Nasiruddin Albani (RHA) wrote in his book "Tamamul Minnah" on page 164 that on the issue in question I believe that offering Salah bare-headed is Makrouh (Disagreeable).

Chapter Eight: Jubbah (Cloak) of Allah's messenger (PBUH):

Chapter Nine: Izar (Trouser) of Allah's messenger (PBUH)

Izar means a dress which is worn on the lower part of one's body. Generally, Allah's messenger (PBUH) used Tahband. However, sometimes he had used pyjama (trouser) also. Tahband of Allah's messenger (PBUH) used to be from above the navel till half of the shin. Prophet's companions (RA) would also generally use Tahband and they would also use pyjama with his permission.

In the light of the above Ahadeeth, the scholars have mentioned three conditions as under:

Till the centre of the shin                : Sunnah of the prophet (PBUH)

Till the ankle                                    : Permissible

Below the ankle without arrogance        : Makrouh

Below the ankle with arrogance    : Haram (Not permissible).

Women's dresses should be below the ankle bone.

Chapter Ten: Moderation in the Dress of the Prophet (PBUH):

Allah's messenger (PBUH) used expensive dress also, but he did not make it a habit. He (PBUH) would wear all kinds of dresses without any hesitation.

One should wear good and clean clothes upto his capability without being extravagant.

Chapter Eleven: Some Sunnah of the prophet (PBUH) regarding Libas:

Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates, the prophet (PBUH) would wear his Qamees from the right side. (Tirmizi Vol. 1 p 302) in a way that first he would put his right hand in the right sleeve then the left hand in the left sleeve.

Abu Saeed Al-Khudri (RA) said: when prophet (PBUH) would wear any new cloth, he would name it, i.e. Amamah or Qamees or Sheet, then recite this supplication;

"اللهم لك الحمد انت كسوتنيه اسئلك من خيره وخير ما صنع له وأعوذ بك من شره وشر ما صنع له"

(Allahumma lakal hamdu anta kasautaneehi As’aluka min khairihi wa khairi ma suni’a lahu wa A’ouzu bika min sharrihi wa sharri ma suni’a lahu)

(O my Allah, I thank You for You wore me this, I seek its goodness and seek the goodness for which it is made and seek Your refuge from its evil and the evil for which it is made. (Abu Dawood, Tirmizi)

Among instructions given by Allah's messenger (PBUH) is that one should wear pyjama or Shalwar while sitting. In some weak Ahadeeth tough punishment has been mentioned for wearing clothes while standing. Shah Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlawi (RHA) has mentioned a hadith in his book "Kashful Iltebas Fi Istehbabil Libas", that whoever tied Amamah while he is seated or wore pyjama while standing, Allah will put him in such calamity that it can’t be cured. Our scholars always take a safe side, therefore to be safe one should wear pyjama while sitting though it is permissible to wear in standing position also.

Ayesha (RA) said once Allah's messenger went outside the house wearing a sheet of black hair. (Shama'ele Tirmizi).

Chapter Twelve: Sayings of the prophet (PBUH) about Silken Clothes:

It is haram for amen to wear silken clothes. However it is permissible for a man to wear dresses having a border of 2 or 3 or 4 fingers. It is also permissible for men to wear silken clothes seeking cure from itching.

Chapter Thirteen: Similarity of Dresses with that of Disbelievers:

Allah's messenger (PBUH) generally (in Libas and other things) prohibited to imitate disbelievers and polytheists. Allah's messenger (PBUH) said,

من تشبه بقوم فهو منهم

Whoever imitates a nation, he is one of them. (Abu Dawood 4031)

It is specially prohibited to imitate disbelievers and polytheists in Libas:

Chapter Fourteen: Similarity between Dresses of Men and Women:

Chapter Fifteen: Comparison between Pants, Shirt and Kurta, Pyjama:

As mentioned above that in principle every dress is halal. A person can wear any dress according to the traditions of the place where he lives with some conditions. Among these conditions is that, the dress should not be that of disbelievers and polytheists. Pants & shirt have not been advised by Muslims for sure. However, this dress has become common, used by Muslims and Non-Muslims alike. Therefore, using pants & shirt with the conditions mentioned above is permissible without any karahiyyat (dislike). However, kurta & pyjama is better due to some reasons as mentioned below:

  1. Kurta & Pyjama is generally made of white or similar colours, while pants & shirt are coloured. In the light of sound Ahadeeth, Muslim Ummah is agreed that Allah's beloved prophet (PBUH) would like white coloured dresses and his dress would generally be of white colour.
  2. Muhammad (PBUH), the prophet of people till the Day of Judgment, liked Qamees very much. The characteristics of Qamees of Allah's messenger mentioned in Ahadeeth apply on today's Thob & Kurta more than pants & shirt.
  3. Though the pants and shirt is now widely used by Muslims and Non-Muslims, however the world accepts this fact that pants & shirt originally was not a culture of Muslims, while kurta & pyjama dates back to the time of Allah's messenger (PBUH). I have already mentioned Kurta i.e. Qamees. As for as pyjama is concerned, Allah's messenger (PBUH) had used Tahband. Scholars have differed whether Allah's messenger (PBUH) used pyjama or not. However all researchers, Muhadditheen and scholars have agreed that Allah's messenger (PBUH) bought a pyjama and his companions would wear pyjama with his permission.
  4. Scholars and jurists have not adopted pants & shirt as their dress any time in any part of the world.

Note:

May Allah help us to adopt the dresses in conformity with Sunnah of His messenger (PBUH), Amen!

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (www.najeebqasmi.com)