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بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Children of Allah's Messenger (PBUH)

All children of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) were born from his first wife Khadijah (RA) in Makkah Mukarramah, except for Ibrahim (RA), who was born from Mariyah Al-Qibtiyah (RA) in Madina Munawwarah.

Allah's Messenger (PBUH) had three sons: 1- Qasim, 2- Abdullah, 3- Ibrahim.

Qasim (RA): He was born in Makkah Mukarramah before the prophethood. He died at the age of 2 years and 6 months. Some scholars say Qasim (RA) died at the age of 7 months. He was buried in Makkah Mukarramah. It was he due to whom Allah's Messenger (PBUH) is named "Abul Qasim".

Abdullah (RA): He was born in Makkah Mukarramah after the prophethood. He died when he was still less than 2 years of age. He was buried in Makkah Mukarramah. He was named Tayyab & Tahir also. It was he upon whose death somebody called Allah's Messenger (PBUH) "Abter" (The one who has no children). Allah sent down Sura Al-Kausar in which Allah said, إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ ٱلۡأَبۡتَرُ For he who hates you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)), he will be cut off from every posterity (good thing in this world and in the Hereafter)”.

Ibrahim (RA): He was born in Madinah Munawwarah in 8th year of Hijrah. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) and his companions (RA) were rejoiced when Ibrahim (May Allah be pleased with him) born. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) performed his Aqīqah, shaved his head, gave charity equal to the weight of his hair and buried his hair. Ibrahim (RA) died in 10th year of Hijrah at the age of 16 or 18 months due to illness. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) was saddened and grieved at the demise of Ibrahim (RA) too much. He was buried in the famous graveyard of the Madinah Munawwarah (Al-Baqi'a). It was he on the day of whose death there was a solar eclipse. People believed that Sun eclipsed due to the demise of Ibrahim (RA). Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said "Sun and moon are among His signs, they do no eclipse at the birth or demise of anybody".

Allah's Messenger had four daughters: 1- Zainab, 2- Ruqayyah, 3- Umme Kulthoom, 4- Fatimah (RA):

Three daughters of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) died during his life. Fatimah (RA) died six months after the demise of Allah's Messenger (PBUH). All the four have been buried in the famous graveyard of Madinah Munawwarah (Al-Baqi'a).

Zainab (RA): She was the eldest daughter of Allah's Messenger (PBUH). She was born when Allah's Messenger (PBUH) was 30. She was married to AbulAas bin Rabi'a. She was blessed with two children Ali and Umamah (RA). Zainab (RA) stayed at Makkah Mukarramah after the migration of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) to Madinah with her husband for a long period of time. When Allah prohibited Muslims to marry with polytheists, Zainab (RA) sought the permission of her husband to go to her father, for he did not accept Islam till that time. Zainab (RA) rejoined her father at Madinah Munawwarah after an arduous journey. After a short period of time AbulAas (RA) also accepted Islam. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) repeated her marriage with Abul Aas bin Rabi'a (RA). However after her arrival to Madinah Munawwarah she lived for 7 or 8 months only and at the age of 30 years shed died in 8th year of Hijrah.

Ruqayyah (RA): She was the 2nd daughter of Allah's Messenger (PBUH). She was born when Allah's Messenger (PBUH) was 33. Before Islam, she was married to Utbah the son of Abu Lahab. When Suara "Tabbat" was revealed, Utbah at the advice of his father divorced Ruqayyah (RA). Thereafter, she was married to Usman bin Affan (RA). She was blessed with a baby boy named Abdullah (RA) who died while yet a child. Ruqayyah (RA) died in 2nd year of Hijrah. She was about 20 years of age at the time of her death.

Umme Kulthoom (RA): She was the 3rd daughter of Allah's Messenger (PBUH). Before being a Muslim she was married to the 2nd son of Abu Lahab Utaibah. When Suara "Tabbat" was revealed, Utbah at the advice of his father divorced Umme Kulthoom (RA). She was married to Usman bin Affan (RA) after the demise of Ruqayyah (RA). She died in the 9th year of Hijrah, at the age of 25 years. When Umme Kulthoom (RA) died, Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said if he had another unmarried daughter he would have married her to Usman Ghani (RA).

Fatimah Al-Zahra'a (RA): She is the youngest daughter of Allah's Messenger (PBUH). He used to love Fatimah very much. She was born when Allah's Messenger was 35 or 41. She was married to Ali (RA) in Madinah Munawwarah. "Subhan Allah, Al-Hamdulillah and Allahu Akbar" were the words sent down by Allah through Jibra'el (AS) to relieve her from the fatigue of the whole day. She died six months after the demise of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) at the age of 23 or 29.

Children of Fatimah daughter of Allah's Messenger (PBUH): Hasan (RA), Husain (RA) and Umme Kulthoom (RA).

Hasan (RA): He was born in 3rd year of Hijrah. Hasan (RA) resembled Allah's Messenger (PBUH) from his head to chest. Jibreel (AS) brought the name of "Hasan" wrapped in silk cloth of paradise to Allah's Messenger (PBUH), and Husain is derived from Hasan. After martyrdom of Ali (RA) in the 41st year of Hijrah, people took the oath of allegiance at the hand of Hasan (RA) and he was titled "Ameerul Mu'mineen" (Emir of the Believers). He reconciled with Mu'awiyah (RA) in Rabi’ul Awwal 41st year of Hijrah. Thus Hasan (RA) was “Ameerul Mu'mineen" for a period of 6 months 20 days. Hasan (RA) was poisoned. He suffered for 40 days from the poison and died in Rabi’ul Awwal in 49th year of Hijrah.  He was buried in Al-Baqi'a graveyard in Madinah Munawwarah.

Husain (RA): He was born in 4th year of Hijrah. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) had also done his Aqīqah like that of Hasan (RA). Husain (RA) resembled with Allah's Messenger (PBUH) from his chest to feet. He was martyred on 10th of Muharram, Friday in the 61st year of Hijrah in the field of Karbala in an Iraqi city of Kufa. 

Umme Kulthoom (RA): She was the wife of Umar Farooq (RA). She was blessed with Zaid and Ruqayyah (RA).

Zainab (RA): She was married to Abdullah bin Jafar Al-Tayyar bin Abu Talib (RA). She was blessed with Jafar, Aunul Akbar, Umme Kulthoom and Ali (RA).

Children of Zainab (RA) daughter of Allah's Messenger (PBUH): 1- Ali, 2- Umamah (RA).

Ali bin Zainab (RA): His father was Abul Aas (RA) who was the cousin of his mother Zainab (RA).

Umamah bint Zainab (RA): Allah's Messenger (PBUH) used to love her very much. Sometimes during prayers she used to sit on the shoulders of her grandfather. According to the wish of Fatimah (RA) Ali (RA) married her following the death of Fatimah (RA).

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (www.najeebqasmi.com)