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بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Biography of Mercy for all Creatures (PBUH)

in the Words of the Lord of the Worlds

                                                                

The holy Qur’an is the word of Allah which was sent down by Allah the Creator of the Universe to His last messenger Muhammad (PBUH) for the guidance of mankind. This is such a great book that Allah Himself took the responsibility of its preserving upon Him. Allah says in the Holy Qur’an: “Verily We: It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur'an) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption)”. (Surah Hajr: 9)

The first verses of the Holy Qur’an send down to Allah's Messenger (PBUH) were “Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), He has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood) Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous”. (Surah al-Alaq: 1-3)

After the first revelation the revelation ceased till about three years. After three years, the same angel who came to Allah's Messenger (PBUH), in the cave of Hira again. At this time, the beginning verses of Surah Al-Muddassir were revealed. Thereafter the revelation continued till the death of Allah's Messenger (PBUH).

The Lord of the universe addressed His beloved prophet Muhammad (PBUH) by these words O you, wrapped up in clothes, O you, enveloped in a mantle, O prophet and O messenger, Allah mentioned other prophets by their names. Only at four places the name Muhammad (PBUH) has been mentioned while the name Ahmad has been mentioned once in the Holy Qur’an.

Name of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) as “Muhammad” in the Holy Qur’an at four occasions:

“Muhammad (PBUH) is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him. (Surah Aale Imran: 144) 

“Muhammad (PBUH) is not the father of any of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the last (end) of the Prophets”. (Surah Al-Ahzab: 40)

“But those who believe and do righteous good deeds, and believe in that which is sent down to Muhammad (PBUH) for it is the truth from their Lord, He will expiate from them their sins, and will make good their state”. (Surah Muhammad: 1-2) 

“Muhammad (PBUH) is the Messenger of Allah, And those who are with him are severe against disbelievers, and merciful among themselves”. (Surah Al-Fath: 29)

Name of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) as "Ahmad" in the Holy Qur’an at one place:

“And (remember) when Isa (Jesus, AS), son of Maryam (Mary), said: "O Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allah unto you confirming the Taurat (Torah) which came before me, and giving glad tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmed”. (Surah Saf: 6)

By this we conclude that Isa (AS) had testified to the prophet-hood of Muhammad (PBUH) during his prophet-hood.

The high status and position of Allah's Messenger (PBUH):

Allah has given His prophet a position which has not been given to any human being or a prophet or a messenger. Allah says in the Holy Qur’an.

“Have We not opened your breast for you (O Muhammad PBUH)? And removed from you your burden, Which weighed down your back? And have We not raised high your fame?” (Surah al-Sharah: 1-4)

No moment in this world passes without the testimony of the prophet-hood of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) besides the testimony of the oneness of Allah, and thousands of Muslims invoke Allah's mercy and blessings on the prophet (PBUH). After Allah the name of His messenger (PBUH) is the most written, spoken, read and heard.

Muhammad (PBUH) the owner of the Pond of Kausar:

The Lord of the Universe did not only honour His messenger (PBUH) in this world, but will also bestow him a great position by giving him Haudhe Kausar on the Day of Judgment, which is exclusively given to the prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Allah says in the Holy Qur’an: Verily, We have granted you (O Muhammad PBUH) Al-Kauthar (a river in Paradise). Therefore, turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only). For he who hates you (O Muhammad PBUH), he will be cut off from every posterity (good thing in this world and in the Hereafter). (Surah al-Kauthar: 1-3)

Kauthar is the name of a pond which will be given to Muhammad (PBUH) and his followers will quench their thirst at the Day of Judgment from this. The utensils put at Haudhe Kauthar will be abundant like the stars of the heavens.

Darud-o-Salam upon Muhammad (PBUH):

Allah has not given His Messenger Muhammad (PBUH) a high position in the world, but He also has given him a great status in the heavens. Allah says: “Allah sends His Salat (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy) on the Prophet (Muhammad PBUH) and also His angels (ask Allah to bless and forgive him). O you who believe! Send your Slat on (ask Allah to bless) him (Muhammad PBUH), and (you should) greet (salute) him with the Islamic way of greeting (salutation i.e. As-Salamu 'Alaikum)”. (Surah al-Ahzab: 56) 

This verse sheds light on the status of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) in the heavens, i.e. Allah mentions him in the assembly of His angles and showers His blessing on His messenger and angles also invoke Allah to shower His blessing and exalt his status. In addition, Allah also ordered those on the earth to send their Darud to His messenger. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “He, who recited Darud on me once, Allah will grant him with ten blessings”

Sayings of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) is Revelation from Allah (Ta'ala)

What a great status to Allah's Messenger (PBUH) has been given by Allah that he speaks by the order of Allah and not on his own. Allah says: “Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. It is only a Revelation revealed.” (Surah Najm: 3-4)

Great Concern of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) on the Guidance of his People:

Allah's Messenger (PBUH) had great concern for the guidance of his people to the extent that Allah says: “It may be that you (O Muhammad SAW) are going to kill yourself with grief, that they do not become believers [in your Risalah (Messengership) i.e. in your Message of Islamic Monotheism.” (Surah al-Shu’araa: 3) 

Our prophet (PBUH) had great concern on the guidance of disbelievers and polytheists day and night and strived hard for their guidance. How sad is this that today some Muslims hasten to brad their own Muslim brothers as disbelievers and polytheists due to their some mistakes.

Allah's Messenger (PBUH)Was Sent as a Prophet of Mercy:

The Lord of the worlds sent His Messenger as a mercy not for Muslims or Arabs, but He sent him as a mercy for all the worlds as Allah says: “And We have sent you (O Muhammad SAW) not but as a mercy for the 'Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists)”. (Surah Anbiya’: 107)

A prophet who was sent as a mercy for all the worlds, how can one find a place for terrorism in his teachings? Allah's Messenger (PBUH) has always taught his people to establish peace and security.

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the Seal of Prophets:

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the seal of prophets besides his being a messenger. The chain of the prophet-hood which was started from Adam (AS) came to an end with the prophet-hood of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). It means no more prophet will be sent and no more Shari’ah will be sent down. Allah says: “Muhammad (PBUH) is not the father of any of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the last (end) of the Prophets”. (Surah al-Ahzab: 40)

Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: “I am the last prophet and there will be no prophet after me”. (Bukhari & Muslim)

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) Was Given Universal Prophet-hood:

As mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and Hadeeth, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the last messenger, i.e. he was sent as a prophet till the Day of Judgment. It means he was bestowed with universal prophet-hood. Allah has mentioned this universal prophet-hood in various verses of the Holy Qur’an. Of these, I mention only two verses: Say (O Muhammad PBUH): "O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah, to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth”. (Surah al-A’araf: 158)

Similarly, Allah says: “And We have not sent you (O Muhammad SAW) except as a giver of glad tidings and a warner to all mankind”. (Surah Saba: 28)

Good model of Allah's Messenger (PBUH):

Since Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was given universal prophet-hood, his life has been made a perfect example till the Day of Judgment. Allah says: “There is indeed a good model for you in the Messenger of Allah - for the one who has hope in Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah profusely.” (Surah al-Ahzab: 21)

Since the life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is a perfect model for the mankind, we should put in practice his Sunnah. Today, we discard Sunnah saying these are not obligatory. Sunnah does not mean that we have a choice not to practice Sunnah rather, we should strive for adopting Sunnah whatever is in our capacity. It is a matter of great concern that some of our brothers not only discard Sunnah, but they also make fun of Sunnah. Beware, that making fun of Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) may cause your destruction. Allah has kept alive Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) even today, if not collectively, Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is being practiced individually. Keeping beard is not only a Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), but also an obligatory act in the light of his sayings and actions. The whole nation of Islam unanimously agrees on this matter. Despite the necessity of keeping the beard, some of our brothers do not only discard beard but they also make fun of the beard and make themselves deserving the wrath of Allah.

Obeying Prophet Muhammad (PBUH):

Allah has made the success of both the worlds in following the footsteps of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). That is why, Allah made following of His Messenger (PBUH) obligatory. Allah says, “Say (O Muhammad SAW to mankind): "If you (really) love Allah then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur’an and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Surah Aale Imran: 31)

Allah has ordered us to follow His Messenger (PBUH) besides His order to follow Him in a number of verses. At some place, Allah says: “Obey Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad PBUH)”. At another place, Allah says: “Obey Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad PBUH). At another place, Allah says: “Obey the Messenger (Muhammad PBUH).

At all these places Allah makes only one demand from His slaves i.e. to obey Allah's order as well as Prophet's (PBUH) order. Allah has made it clear at different places in the Holy Qur’an that is in necessary to obey Allah's Messenger (PBUH) besides obeying Allah and it is impossible to obey Allah without obeying His Messenger (PBUH).

The First Commentator of the Qur’an Muhammad (PBUH):

Allah says in the Holy Qur’an: “And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad SAW) the Dhikr (the reminder and the advice (the Qur’an)), that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought”. (Surah Nahl: 44) 

Likewise Allah says: “And We have not sent down the Book (the Qur'an) to you (O Muhammad SAW), except that you may explain clearly unto them those things in which they differ”. (Surah Nahl: 64) 

Allah, in these verses, has made clear that prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the first Commentator of the Holy Qur’an and he was given this responsibility from Allah to clearly state to the Muslim Ummah all the rulings and issues with their minutest details. We believe that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) through his words and actions has fulfilled this duty perfectly. The sayings and actions of prophet Muhammad (PBUH) i.e. Ahadeeth, transferred to the Muslim Ummah, through his companions and companions of their companions constitutes the first and basic explanation of the Holy Qur’an through highly reliable source. That is why, it is impossible to understand the Holy Qur’an without understanding Hadeeth.

The Longest Journey of the History by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH):

Allah has mentioned the longest journey of the history (Isra'a and Me'raj) in the Holy Qur’an, during which Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) went to the heavens. The journey from Masjide Haram (Makkah) to Masjide Aqsa (Jerusalem) is called Israa’. This has been mentioned in the following verse. Glorified (and Exalted) is He (Allah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him]. Who took His slave (Muhammad SAW) for a journey by night from Masjide Haram (Makkah) to Masjide Aqsa (Jerusalem). (Surah Bani Israel: 1)

The journey from Aqsa mosque to the heavens is called Me'raj. This event has also been mentioned in the following verse of Surah Al-Najm: Allah says: “Then he [Jibril (Gabriel)] approached and came closer, And was at a distance of two bows' length or (even) nearer, So (Allah) revealed to His slave [Muhammad SAW through Jibrail (Gabriel) AS] whatever He revealed”. (Surah Najam: 8-10)

Verses of Surah Al-Najm clearly mention that prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in this journey saw great signs of Allah. Allah says: “And indeed he (Muhammad SAW) saw him [Jibril (Gabriel)] at a second descent (i.e. another time). Near Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (a lote-tree of the utmost boundary over the seventh heaven beyond which none can pass). Near it is the Paradise of Abode. When that covered the lote-tree which did cover it!  The sight (of Prophet Muhammad SAW) turned not aside (right or left), nor it transgressed beyond the limit (ordained for it). Indeed he (Muhammad SAW) did see, of the Greatest Signs, of his Lord (Allah)”. (Surah Najam: 13-18)

Salah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH):

Allah ordered His Messenger Muhammad (PBUH) to offer salah during the major part of the night, saying: “O you wrapped in garments (i.e. Prophet Muhammad PBUH)! Stand (to pray) all night, except a little. Half of it, or a little less than that. Or a little more; And recite the Qur'ân (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style”. (Surah Al-Muzzammil: 1-4)

Likewise, in the last verse of Surah Al-Muzzammil, Allah says: “Verily, your Lord knows that you do stand (to pray at (also night) a little less than two-thirds of the night, or half the night, or a third of the night, and a party of those with you”.

Mother of believers Ayesha (RA) says: The feet may not be swollen due to offering salah for one or two hours, rather the feet may get swollen by offering salah during major part of the night due to long prostration and bowing. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) would recite the long surahs of the Holy Qur’an like Surah Al-Baqarah and Aal-e-Imran in one rak’at reciting properly, not hastily.

Besides, salah of Tahajjud, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) would offer obligatory salahs with utmost sincerity and devotion. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to offer other salahs also like Sunnate Mu’akkadah, Nawafil, Ishraque salah, Dhuha salah. Tahiyyatul Wudhu (Nafl after making Wudhu), Tahiyyatul Masjid (Salah offered after entering a mosque) etc. At special occasion, he would resort to Allah through salah. At solar eclipse or lunar eclipse, he would rush to mosque to perform salah. Whenever he encountered any problem or pain, he would hasten to the mosque. Whenever he would return from journey the first thing he would do was to go to the mosque and offer salah. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) would offer salah perfectly without any haste.

Moral Character of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH):

Allah says in the Holy Qur’an about the moral character of His Messenger (PBUH) in the following verse: “And verily, you (O Muhammad PBUH) are on an exalted (standard of) character”.

When mother of believers Ayesha (RA) was asked about the moral character of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), she said "كان خلقه القرآن" i.e. his moral character was according to the teachings of the Holy Qur’an. (Bukhari& Muslim) Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: I was sent to complete the moral rectitude. (Musnad Ahmed) Anas (RA) says, I remained in the service of the prophet (PBUH), he neither utter the word “Uff” on any matter nor he asked why you have done this, after the completion of any certain work. Similarly, he never asked why you have not done this, after the non-completion of any certain work. His moral character was the best in the world and he was very handsome also. I did not touch any silk cloth or pure silk or a soft material which was softer than the blessed hands of the prophet (PBUH). Similarly, I did not smell any perfume or Musk that was better smelling than the perspiration of the prophet (PBUH). (Tirmizi) Ayesha (RA) says, the prophet (PBUH) never beat any person or any servant or any woman (wife or bondmaid) except in the battlefield. (Tirmizi) Ayesha (RA) says, the prophet (PBUH) had neither spoken any evil nor he would use undignified words in the markets nor he will compensate evil with evil rather he would forgive and never tell anyone. (Tirmizi) Hassan bin Ali (RA) says, the prophet (PBUH) had kept himself from three things; quarrel, arrogance and pointless discussions and saved the people from three things he neither insults others nor finds faults of others nor looks for shortcomings in others. (Tirmizi) We must learn the ethics of the prophet (PBUH) and try to apply these in our lives.

Marital Life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH):

The Holy Qur’an addresses the people till the Day of Judgment: “Nor that you should ever marry his wives after him (his death)”. (Surah al-Ahzab: 53) 

O believers it is not halal for you to marry the wives of the prophet (PBUH) after his death i.e. the pure wives (Wives of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)) have a status of mothers for all the believers. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) married a few women, out of them only Ayesha (RA) was virgin. All others were either widows or divorced. The prophet (PBUH) was married at the age of 25 years with Khadijah (RA). She was 40 years of age at the time of her marriage with the prophet Muhammad (PBUH), i.e. she was elder than the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) by 15 years. Moreover, she had previously married twice before her marriage with the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and she had children from her two earlier husbands. When prophet Muhammad (PBUH) reached the age of 50, Khadijah (RA) died. Thus prophet Muhammad (PBUH) spent the whole time of his youth (from 25-50 years) with a widow Khadijah (RA).

Saudah (RA) who had accepted Islam along with her mother and husband, migrated to Abyssinia and her husband died there. When there was nobody to support her, Allah's Messenger (PBUH) married her after demise of Khadijah (RA) in the 10th year of Hijrah. At that time Allah's Messenger (PBUH) was 50 and Saudah (RA) was 55 years of age, who was the first widow in Islam. After demise of Khadijah (RA) about 3-4 years only Saudah (RA) was with Allah's Messenger (PBUH), because Ayesha (RA) joined Allah's Messenger (PBUH) 3-4 years after her marriage with Allah's Messenger (PBUH) in Madinah Munawwarah. Thus Allah's Messenger (PBUH) spent his life till 55 years with only one woman who was a widow.

Thereafter, Allah's Messenger (PBUH) contracted a few marriages. Theses marriages were not contracted to satisfy any sexual needs which he suddenly felt after reaching the age of 50. These marriages were contracted taking into consideration some political, religious and social needs. Had these marriage been for the satisfaction of sexual needs, he would have married virgin women. In addition, it has been mentioned in Ahadeeth that Allah's Messenger (PBUH) never married a woman nor gave the hands of any of his daughters in marriage to anybody unless Jibra'el (AS) descended with revelation from Allah.

Conclusion:

Allah mentions the noble characters of His Messenger Muhammad (PBUH) in the Holy Qur’an. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) was not sent as a prophet for the people of his time only, but he was sent as a prophet for all those who will come into existence till the Day of Judgment. The chain of prophet-hood has ended with the prophet-hood of Muhammad (PBUH). No more prophets will be sent till the Day of Judgment. This Shari’ah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) will serve as the light of the way for the mankind, till the Day of Judgment. Thus, Allah gave His Messenger (PBUH) universal prophet-hood. Despite his great position and status, Allah's Messenger (PBUH) was tortured in various ways. Major part of his life was full of pain and trouble, but he always had patience and rendered the duty of prophet-hood with utmost perfection and dedication. Prophet's worship, dealings, moral characters, and social relations will always be excellent example for the mankind. We should take lesson form the good model of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) that whenever we encounter any problem whether, marital or at national or international, we have to bear it and strengthen our bond with Allah following the footsteps of Allah's Messenger (PBUH). We can spend our lives according to the way of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) only when we have knowledge of his seerat. Therefore, we should read books of seerat ourselves and ask our children to read the same.

May Allah help us to spend our lives following the footsteps of His Messenger (PBUH), Amen!

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (www.najeebqasmi.com)