بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Bad end of Abu Lahab and his wife who caused inflictions on the Prophet (PBUH)

By revealing a complete Surah (Lahab), Allah Almighty told all the humans and the jinns to come till the Day of Judgment that those who cause inflictions on the Prophet (PBUH) are destined to face destruction in this world and a painful punishment has been prepared for them in the hereafter.

The translation of this Surah goes thus: “Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab, and perish he! Neither his wealth benefited him, nor what he earned. He will soon enter a Fire, full of flames, and his wife as well,the wicked carrier of firewood. Around her neck, there is (a collar of iron, like) a well-twisted rope.”

When the verse “And warn your close kins” was revealed, the Prophet (PBUH) climbed on the Safa hill and called the people of his clan. When the people gathered around, he said:  will you believe me, if I tell you that an enemy is about to attack you? “Why not?” they all said in one voice. Then the Prophet (PBUH) said: I warn you of the severe punishment. So, leave the acts of polytheism and disbelief and engage yourself in the worship of one True God. Hearing this, Abu Lahab, one of the uncles of the Prophet (PBUH) who had turned his huge enemy of the Prophet (PBUH) after his declaration of Islam and used to cause numerous sorts of inflictions on him, said,“Wow be to you. Is it this that you have called us all?”.He also picked up a stone to pelt on the Prophet (PBUH). On this, this Surah was revealed.

The Arabic word used here is yad, literally meaning hand. But it refers to the total being of Abu Lahab. Thus, the meaning of the verse is that the destruction has been destined for Abu Lahab. So, now there is no doubt in his destruction. It happened that he gottumour of plague seven days after the battle of Badr. His family abandoned him so that his disease might not infect other members of the family. He died in the same state of helplessness. His dead body remained in the same situation for three days. When it began to decay, it was buried by the labourers. They dug the soil,pushed the dead body with sticks into it and put stones over it.

“Neither his wealth benefited him, nor what he earned.” When the Prophet (PBUH) warned the people of Makkah, Abu Lahab also said,“I will save myself with the wealth and children that I have in plenty, if whatever my nephew is saying is true”. So, this verse revealed that neitherhis wealth nor children could help him when he was caught by thewrath of Allah. This was the state of Abu Lahab in this world. As for his end in the hereafter, the Quransays, “He will soon enter a Fire, full of flames.”

“and his wife as well, the wicked carrier of firewood” The wife of Abu Lahab used to cause troubles to the Prophet (PBUH). She was the sister of Abu Sufyan (RZA), called as Um Jamil. Some narrations suggest that she used to throw thorny sticks on the way of the Prophet (PBUH). Some other narrations also suggest that she used to excessively backbite. Without mentioning her name, the Holy Quran explains her activity as “carrier of firewood”, so that the punishment destined for her in the Hell according to her act might get pointed out. The Holy Quran has also used the patronymic of Abu Lahab instead of his name. This is to indicate that he will be thrown in the blazing flame of fire, as the word Lahab means flame.

“Around her neck, there is (a collar of iron, like) a well-twisted rope.” This indicates to the state of his wife in the Hell.

Two daughters of the Prophet (PBUH), Ruqaiya and Umm Kulthum (RA) were married to the two sons of Abu Lahab Atbaha and Utaibah. But after therevelation of this Surah, Abu Lahab made his sons divorce their wives. Later on, these two blessed daughters, one after another, were married to Uthman (RA). Among his four daughters, three passed away in the life of the Prophet (PBUH), while Fatimah (RA) passed away six months after the demise of the Prophet (PBUH). In short, all of his four daughters passed away even before reaching thirty years of their age.

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (